International journal of life sciences 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 V. Besada Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJLS</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.<br>e-ISSN: 2550-6986, p-ISSN: 2550-6994</p> The revitalization of Gianyar traditional market into Indonesian national standards and Balinese cultural tourism-based healthy market 2020-11-18T09:04:28+00:00 Ida Ayu Made Dwi Susanti Made Antara Dwi Putra Darmawan I Gusti Ayu Oka Suryawardani Agung Suryawan Wiranatha <p>The role of subsystems in the agribusiness system is very crucial to meet market needs and consumer tastes. Supporting institution subsystems that provide services to the upstream, downstream agro-industry subsystems and the marketing subsystem are very important subsystems to be managed, one of which is the traditional market. The Gianyar Traditional Market is a market that has the potential to be developed, yet it has not played an optimal role. This study aims to design a strategy in revitalizing the Gianyar Traditional Market as a healthy market based on the Indonesian National Standards (SNI) and Balinese Cultural Tourism. The research was conducted at the Gianyar Traditional market. The method used is Interpretive Structural Modeling (ISM) with the experts' choice approach with the number of experts is 15.</p> 2020-11-18T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of life sciences The independence level of farmers in Subak Abian Tri Guna Karya on processing and marketing agricultural products 2020-11-21T16:28:27+00:00 Ni Ketut Karyati Wayan Windia Budi Susrusa Gede Setiawan Adiputra <p>Poverty in Indonesia is a very complex and multidimensional problem relating to political, economic, social, and cultural aspects. Most of the families who depend on agricultural products are poor. Even though the role of agriculture in the country's economic development is still very important. Approximately 60% of the population still working in agriculture or still depending on agricultural products for their living. This study aimed to analyze the level of independence of farmers in marketing and processing agricultural products. The research method used includes qualitative and quantitative data types, data sources were primary and secondary data. The population observed was 77 people. The data analysis technique used descriptive analysis and statistical analysis with PLS (Partial Least Square) method. Based on the results of the analysis and discussion, it can be concluded that farmers of Subak Abian Tri Guna Karya, Kintamani District, Bangli Regency have a good independence level in terms of economy, intellectual, and emotional in processing and marketing their agricultural products.</p> 2020-11-21T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of life sciences Environmental impact of sustainable housing in rural area of Pilot Plan, Santo Domingo de Los T'sachilas, Ecuador 2020-11-29T04:16:22+00:00 Andrea Katiushka Loor Calderón Juan Xavier Guerrero García Gloria Isabel Calderón <p>This article proposes the design of a sustainable home, which has considered climatic and environmental parameters of the province of Santo Domingo de Los T'sáchilas, in the Plan Piloto parish, from where the endemic natural resources of the area, to build a decent and pleasant home with the material of its environment, respecting the environment to meet the basic needs of the inhabitants, managing to sustain itself with efficient electrical energy. The position of the sun will be considered for the orientation and distribution of the day and night spaces, to minimize the consumption of electrical energy; 8 photovoltaic panels will be used in series that during the day capture the energy of solar radiation and the surplus is stored in 8 batteries that at night provide energy to the house. To meet this objective, it is proposed to build a sustainable home with materials provided by nature, using the resources of the environment, respecting the environment, making the most of the natural resources of the sun and the earth, largely reducing energy consumption and the environmental impact.</p> 2020-11-29T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of life sciences Tongkol (Euthynnus affinis) fermentation on organoleptics and its biochemistry 2020-12-03T15:18:58+00:00 Ni Made Darmadi Dewa Gede Semara I Made Kawan <p>The technology to improve the quality of feed ingredients is fermentation. In general, all fermentation end products usually contain compounds that are simpler and easier to digest than the original ingredients. Tongkol fish can be fermented into Fermented Tongkol (<em>Euthynnus affinis</em>). The research method used was a completely randomized design with three treatments and three replications. The treatment used three types of ferment. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and LSD Advanced Test. The results showed that the best treatment was treatment using a combination of ferment 50% Bromelain with 50% Papain. with the results of test, namely: dissolved protein 17,447%, water content 71,781 %, free fatty acid (ffa) 1,941 %, total plate count 4.6x106 cfu, ph value 5,420, butyric acid 2,767 %, acetic acid 1,810 % and lactic acid 2,720 % and organoleptic favored by consumers.</p> 2020-12-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of life sciences Giving the extract of clove leaves (Syzygium aromaticum L.) fermented through drinking water against growth of kampong chicken 2020-12-08T06:18:53+00:00 Sosiawan Bulu I Gede Mahardika I Made Nuriyasa <p>This study aims to determine the microbial population, nutrient digestibility, and growth in native chickens fed fermented clove leaf extract through drinking water. The experimental design used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with four treatments and five replications, using three native chickens 2 weeks old in each unit. The treatments were drinking water without fermented clove leaf extract (P0), drinking water given 1% fermented clove leaf extract (P1), drinking water was given 2% fermented clove leaf extract (P2), drinking water was given 3% fermented clove leaf extract (P3). The variables observed were microbial population, nutrient digestibility, and growth. The results showed that giving fermented clove leaf extract through drinking water in treatment P1 and P2 resulted in a significantly different increase in lactic acid bacteria (P&lt;0.05) compared to the control and treatment P1 reduced pathogenic bacteria Escherichia Coli and Coliform significantly different (P&lt;0, 05) compared to control. Treatment P2 received a higher Total Plate Count (TPC) which was significantly different (P&lt;0.05) compared to P0, P1, and P3. The digestibility values of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, and digestible energy were significantly different in treatment P1 (P&lt;0.05) compared to the control.</p> 2020-12-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of life sciences Using banana peels in pellet rations to improve performance of local male rabbits (Lepus nigricollis) 2020-12-11T14:49:40+00:00 R. Rochi G.A.M.K. Dewi I.M. Nuriyasa <p>A concise and factual abstract This study aims to find out the influence of the use of banana peels in pellet rations to improve the performance of local male rabbits (<em>Lepus nigricollis</em>). The study used 20 local male rabbits that were maintained from 5 to 12 weeks old. The study used Randomized Group Design with 4 treatments and 5 repeats. The treatments in this study are: Rabbit feed that did not contain banana peels (R0), Rabbit feed that contained 5% banana peels (R1), Rabbit feed that contained 10% banana peel (R2), and Rabbit feed that contained 15% banana peel (R3). The results showed no noticeable difference (P&gt;0.05) in the treatment of rations against the ingenuity of dry matter digestibility, energy digestibility, protein digestibility, protein consumption, consumption of dry materials, and Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR). Rabbits who get R1 ration treatment produce the final weight and the weight gain was significantly different (P&lt;0.05) to R0 and R3 treatment, and not significantly different (P&gt;0.05) on R2 treatment. R1 ration consumption is the highest (P&lt;0.05) compared to R0, R2, and R3 treatments. The effect of ration treatment on carcass variables shows results significantly different (P&lt;0.05).</p> 2020-12-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of life sciences The relationship of agro-climatic characteristics in flowering phenology of siam citr plants (Citrus nobillias Var microcarpa L) 2020-12-15T13:47:54+00:00 Ni Putu Anom Sulistiawati I. Nengah Suaria Ni Komang Alit Astiari <p>The productivity of citrus plants in Indonesia is still low. This is due to the insufficient land used for citrus cultivation. Besides, several factors influence the production and quality of citrus, namely genetics, cultivation, and post-harvest handling, as well as other environmental factors, namely land. Environmental factors that affect the production and quality of citrus are soil and climate. Soil factors include altitude, topography, drainage, soil type, soil physical properties, and soil chemical properties, while climatic factors include rainfall and temperature. On a large scale, these environmental factors are difficult to modify, so to avoid the risk of damage and death, citrus plants are recommended to be planted on suitable land. The purpose of land suitability research is also intended to increase the production and quality of oranges.</p> 2020-12-19T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of life sciences