International journal of life sciences https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJLS</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.&nbsp;</p> en-US ijls@utm.edu.ec (Prof. Dr. Antonio Vazquez Perez) ss.support@utm.edu.ec (Vedran Vucic) Tue, 30 Apr 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.2 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Susceptibility to landslides in Los Angeles campus: Southern State University of Manabi https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/240 <p style="text-align: justify;">This research is of the correlational - explanatory type, based on the heuristic method, applying the <em>Geographic Information Systems (GIS)</em> as a tool, to obtain thematic maps and final susceptibility, considering its fundamental objective the evaluation of the areas susceptible to landslides. Through the spatial zoning of the "Los Angeles" campus of the "Southern State University of Manabí". The analysis of the variables of the conditioning factors, allowed recognizing three categories of susceptibility in the Los Angeles campus (High, Medium and Low), where lithological units converge as sandy clay, clay, and silts tone, steep slopes (over 50°), cuts of slopes devoid of some kind of protection, deforested and highly eroded soils. This implies that there is a likelihood of new affectations, which is why local risk management plans must be developed.</p> Arturo Andres Hernandez Escobar, Luis Gerardo Sandoval Santos, Carlos Gustavo Villacreses Viteri, Maria Rodriguez Gamez, Yamel de las Mercedes Alvarez Gutiérrez ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/240 Tue, 08 Jan 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Immersion effect with extracts of papaya leaf, pineapple, ginger on quality of organoleptic and Bali beef nutrition https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/241 <p style="text-align: justify;">This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Produce Technology Faculty of Veterinary, Udayana University. Aims to determine the effect of papaya leaf extract, extract pineapple and ginger extract on the physical and organoleptic qualities of Bali beef through soaking. Variables measured to determine the physical properties of meat between meat pH and shrinkage of cooked meat, while the variables measured to determine the organoleptic quality of Bali beef among other examples: color, texture, taste, and smell of meat by panelist. The analyze used variance analysis, while experiment design used in this research is, Completely Random Design simple 4 treatment pattern 5 replication from Steel and Torie processed by Costas Statistic Method. Measurement of pH of the meat using pH meters, and the measurement of moisture content after cooking, is sought through the calculation of the percentage ratio of the difference between the weight of raw meat and the weight of meat after cooking. Conclusions and results of this study found that beef soaked in pineapple extracts showed: raw shrinkage, texture, color, taste, tenderness, and odor showed the best physical and organoleptic quality (P &lt;0.05) compared to ginger extract and papaya leaf extract. While the physical and organoleptic qualities of beef soaked in extra papaya leaves show the worst indication.</p> I Ketut Sukada, I Wayan Suberata, Ni Made Artiningsih Rasna ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/241 Thu, 17 Jan 2019 03:59:06 +0000 Effects of replacement of fish mill with golden snail mill in ration to performance of male Bali duck https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/243 <p style="text-align: justify;">Research objective was to know performance of male Bali duck fed ration half or all replacement of fish mill with golden snail mill. The research results&nbsp; showed that initial body weight of the animals fed ration without replacement of fish mill (R0), replacement 25% fish mill with golden snail mill (R1), replacement 50% fish mill with golden snail mill (R2), replacement 75% fish mill with golden snail mill (R3) and replacement 100% fish mill with golden snail mill (R4) were 610.00 g, 604.25 g, 607.75 g, 591.50 g and 615.50 g respectively which was statistically no significant difference (P &gt; 0.05). End body weight and body weight gain of the animals fed treatment ration R3 and R4 were lower significant difference (P &lt;0.05) than on the animals fed R2, R1 and R0. There was no significant difference (P &lt; 0.05) on variable of ration consumption and ration conversion of the animals fed ration fish mill replacement with golden snail mill on different level.&nbsp; From the research results could be concluded that fish mill in ration could be replaced with golden snail mill up to 50% without decreased of the animal performance.</p> A.W. Puger, E. Puspani, I.M. Nuriyasa, W. Sayang Yupardhi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/243 Tue, 29 Jan 2019 04:00:29 +0000 Risk factors in ecosystem of hawksbill turtles (eretmochelys imbricata) from ila playita of machalilla national park https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/255 <p style="text-align: justify;">The results of research work are presented, which was carried out under a non-experimental, cross-sectional and descriptive design. The objective was to diagnose the presence of risk factors in the habitat of Hawksbill turtles, in the Machalilla National Park. Observation methods, document analysis, induction - deduction and interview techniques were applied to officials of the referred institution. Biotic and abiotic factors were evaluated and the results were subjected to the corresponding statistical processing. It is identified that although in the environmental order the studied habitat collects ideal conditions, factors of biotic origin that threaten the balance of that environment subsists.</p> Yamel Alvarez Gutierrez, Lady Vazquez Guillen, Arturo Hernandez Escobar, Julio Jaramillo Veliz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/255 Sat, 16 Mar 2019 16:01:50 +0000 Recovery of ancestral knowledge of the use of leaf and bark towards royal ceibo https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/257 <p style="text-align: justify;">The ancestral knowledge regarding the use of the leaves and bark of the ceibo to heal wounds, sores, blisters and control the bleeding of wounds by cuts, is a practice that has been lost especially in the rural and marginal urban area of the Portoviejo canton, being this way we worked in the recovery of the ancestral knowledge regarding the use of the leaf and bark of the royal ceibo tree, using the experimental method to elaborate the remedy and the plaster, a qualitative research was applied through an interview 3 farmers who have ancestral knowledge about remedies based on royal ceibo. The results include the recovery of ancestral knowledge to develop a remedy healing wounds, sores, blisters, and bleeding controller, tested on 30 students who performed agricultural practices in the field, exposed to the sun and heavy work in the field, with cuts and minor injuries , in which the remedy was applied based on cooked leaves of ceibo, and in 2 cases of wounds with bleeding the remedy of leaves and a bark plaster was applied, managing to stop the bleeding with the washing and promoting the healing of the wounds.</p> Telly Yarita Macias Zambrano, Odalis Paola Gorozabel Vera, Carmen Liliana Mera Plaza, Ricardo Munoz Farfan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/257 Mon, 18 Mar 2019 10:20:16 +0000 Discovering ditch buried volcanic materials: geoelectric method assistance to minimize hazard loss https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/258 <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study is aimed at discovering ditch buried volcanic materials: geoelectric method assistance to minimize hazard loss. The research has been conducted at Bugbug Karangasem Bali. This covered by volcanic material from the eruption of Mount Agung in 1963 and before. Of course, there is a ditch as a land boundary. Based on the measurement results of the geoelectric method, it was found that there was a low resistivity area of 26.5 ?.m at a depth of about 7 m area A and 23.5 m (area B). Based on the excavation at several points, the thickness of the volcanic material layer in the study area is around 7 m. The landowners have claimed that their land is restricted by a ditch, which when Mount Agung erupted in 1963, had been covered with volcanic material; a ditch was made, but between the trenches made with the low-resistivity area A sideways again 11 m. The low resistivity is thought to be a buried ditch. As it is connected to the two cases above, namely the case of the results of geoelectric measurements and cases of landowners' suitability. The ditch that has been buried by volcanic material can be detected by geoelectric methods assistance.</p> I Nengah Simpen, Ni Made Widya Pratiwi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/258 Sun, 24 Mar 2019 13:58:40 +0000 Local decomposer increase composting rate and produce quality rice straw compost https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/273 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study at aiming to examine the ability of Balinese local decomposers in composting rice straw. Another goal is to examine the composting rate and quality of compost in enumeration rice straw that is not enumerated. The study used 2 combinations of local decomposers and comparative decomposers. The local decomposer 1 combination consists of <em>Paenibacillus polimyxa,</em> <em>Pseudomonas flourescens</em>, and <em>Trichoderma hazianum.</em> The combination of local decomposers 2 consists of <em>Pseudomonas flourescens,</em> <em>Trichoderma</em> <em>hazianum</em>, and <em>Aspergilus niger.</em> Comparative decomposers are commercial decomposers consists of <em>Azospirillum</em>, <em>Aspergillus</em>, <em>Actinomycetes, Lactobacillus, Pseudomonas,</em> and yeast. The study was conducted in Tangkas Village, Klungkung on June 17 up to July 23, 2017. The study used a <em>Randomized Block Design (RBD)</em> with 3 (three) replications. Composting is conducted for 35 days and compost reversal is conducted every 7 days. The results showed that the addition of local decomposer 1 was able to provide a C/N ratio of up to 13.78, local decomposers 2 to 14.80 and this result was not significantly different from the comparison decomposition C/N ratio which reached 15.31.</p> I Nengah Muliarta, I Gusti Ayu Mas Sri Agung, I Made Adnyana, I Wayan Diara ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/273 Tue, 09 Apr 2019 12:41:05 +0000 Recovery of ancestral knowledge for production of traditional Manabí cocoa paste https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/274 <p style="text-align: justify;">The high family consumption of chocolates and cocoa powders with a high content of sugars and saturated fats, and on the contrary a very low content of cocoa paste is a problem. The objective was to recover the ancestral knowledge in the elaboration and conservation of the traditional Manabi cocoa paste. The experimental method was used for the elaboration and conservation of cocoa paste in clay pots with dried guineo leaves, in glass jars, at room temperature, and in refrigeration. Through the technique of interviewing 10 peasant women from the rural area of Chone, the way of elaboration and conservation of the cocoa ball was known. The main results: increase of the useful life of the cocoa ball wrapped in dried guinean leaves and stored in clay pots at room temperature, due to the decrease in humidity up to 180 days. As conclusions: little use of ancestral knowledge in the elaboration and conservation of traditional Manabí cocoa paste, unlike the consumption of refined chocolates with low cocoa content.</p> Telly Yarita Macias Zambrano, Ingri Catherine Garcia Castro, Carmen Liliana Mera Plaza, Ricardo Munoz Farfan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://sciencescholar.us/journal/index.php/ijls/article/view/274 Tue, 09 Apr 2019 13:41:02 +0000