International journal of social sciences and humanities <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJSSH</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.&nbsp;</p> Universidad Tecnica de Manabi en-US International journal of social sciences and humanities 2550-701X Buddhist ethics in economic system <p style="text-align: justify;">The research was conducted to find out why Buddhist ethics important for the economic system, to know the ethics according to Buddhism and the benefits of Buddhist ethics in the global era of the economic system. The data of the research was collected to identify the texts from the Scriptures of the <em>Tipitaka/Tripitaka</em> related to the main problem. All collected data were analyzed and dissected using the theory included structural, hermeneutic, and <em>paticcasamuppada</em> functionalism. The theories were used to compile the role of the Buddhist ethics in the economic system, the hope was through the role and implementation of the Buddhist ethics in the future will be a living condition for being happy and welfare. Regarding the household (<em>micro</em>) economic system, the Buddhist ethics were used to create a happy and prosperous household life. Thus, the householders were free from poverty with the right livelihood, to use wealth properly, and to develop spiritual virtues. Related to the government/state (<em>macro</em>) economy, the Buddhist ethics play an important role in creating happiness to live together in the nation and state. The Buddhist ethics in the economic system offered a middle way system between capitalism and socialism. The Buddhist ethics contributed greatly related to the development of the economic system. It was very relevant in dealing with the current situation, especially, in human character building, developing tolerance, and service culture, social independence building, building, and work ethic enhancing, building an openness spirit, motivation to do better, as an accommodative step facing of the free competition.</p> - Sapardi I Putu Gelgel I Wayan Budi Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-07 2018-09-07 2 3 1 11 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.177 Social capital, spiritual capital, human capital, and financial capital in the management of child welfare institutions <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Child Welfare Institutions (LKSA)</em> are social organizations or associations that carry out social welfare which is formed by the community and is a legal entity based on national standards for childcare. This standard is part of an effort to encourage the transformation of the role of the orphanage and to position the institutions as alternatives in the childcare continuum for those who cannot be cared for in the main family, extended family, relatives, or substitute families. In line with this, the LKSA must function as a service center for children and their families. This is an effort to implement care and protection for children who are outside of family care and is a form of implementation of national legislation, both Law Number 4 of 1979 concerning Child Welfare and Law Number 23 of 2002 concerning Child Protection, which governed the importance of parenting by parents and families; but this has not been fully fulfilled at the level of implementation. Data collection in this study is qualitative data and quantitative data. Data sources used are primary data sources and secondary data sources. The data collection technique used are observation method, documentation method and a structured interview with purposive systematic sampling technique. The number of informants used were 8 people. While the data analysis technique is divided into three stages, namely, data collection, data reduction, and data presentation. Verification of the validity of the results of the analysis is using the source triangulation. Basically, humans have a fairly high sense of social level. Humans/employees cannot live alone especially in managing LKSAs. Employees need other people as co-workers. Work in a team.</p> AAN Oka Suryadinatha Gorda Komang Nyanyi Romayanti Ni Putu Yunita Anggreswari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-08 2018-09-08 2 3 12 20 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.183 Role of anggah-ungguh kruna in Balinese language sentence formation <p style="text-align: justify;">Balinese language, as a large local language in Indonesia still exists, unlike mandatory local content at the level of primary and secondary education. Scrutinizing the importance of Balinese language role for the Balinese tribes, therefore, Balinese local languages should be maintained, nurtured, and preserved. This study was intended to describe the role of the Balinese language in the sentences formation. In order to achieve the goal, the sociolinguistic theory was used in the present study. In collecting data, the observation method and interview method were used. The data collected were analyzed using distributional methods. The formal and informal methods were applied in the presentation of the results of the data analysis. It was supported by an inductive and the deductive techniques. Based on the <em>anggah-ungguh kruna</em> as its formation, the Balinese sentence was divided: (1) <em>alus singgih</em> sentence, (2) <em>alus sor</em> sentence, (3) <em>alus mider</em> sentence, (4) <em>alus madia</em> sentence, (5) <em>andap</em> sentence, and (6) <em>kasar</em> sentence.</p> I Nyoman Suwija ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-11 2018-09-11 2 3 21 32 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.187 Local wisdom philosophy of labo maja dahu for bima community <p style="text-align: justify;">Maja Labo Dahu, a philosophical phrase that contains a broad meaning. If the phrase is taken literally Maja Labo Dahu means shame with fear this will give meaning and psychological impact that is not desired by the expression itself. Such understanding and meaning will only dwarf the mind, shut down the initiative and drain the ideals to move forward to achieve the coveted hopes. The phrase Maja Labo Dahu is a symbol that is pronounced with three words that always the application of both can’t be separated and separated from each other because mutually give influence to the formation of positive attitude. By that is also called as a philosophical phrase which contains broad meaning can serve as guidelines and life orientation. The purpose of this research is to study the meaning of Maja Labo Dahu's philosophy of Bima has a logical meaning to character education in school. To achieve this goal the authors use the qualitative design and choose the content analysis approach. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that: a verse contains definitions, purposes, functions, and principles of guidance and verses that contain the value of personal and social guidance.</p> - Mustamin - Junaidin ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-14 2018-09-14 2 3 33 44 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.194 Pemaliq in forest and mountain of sasak community <p style="text-align: justify;">This short writing aims at revealing the meaning and values of <em>pemaliq</em> expressions that can be applied in managing and controlling life. As an effort to uncover the meaning and value of <em>pemaliq</em>, this study employed anthropological linguistic theory grounded in the view that <em>pemaliq</em> is a cultural source and as a practice of speaking. To collect the data needed, this study applied observation method to the participants of this study and in-depth interview. The data gathered were then analysed by applying ethnographic methods namely domain analysis, taxonomic analysis, component analysis, and analysis of cultural themes. The results of the analysis show that <em>pemaliq</em> is practiced by the Sasak Bayan community in North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia in the forest and mountain environment, namely <em>pemaliq</em> in the realm of the <em>okat </em>'words or spoken' and <em>pemaliq</em> in the realm of <em>pegawean</em>&nbsp; 'action'. <em>Pemaliq</em> <em>okat</em> 'word or spoken' is shown in the form of the phrase <em>menggoaq bangsa</em> “mentioning caste” and <em>ngaranin sesato</em> ‘naming animals’. Meanwhile, <em>pemaliq</em> <em>pegawean</em> 'action' is realized in the form of phrases and words those are <em>merebang kayuq </em>‘cutting down trees’, <em>membait kayuq</em> <em>‘</em>taking the woods’ and <em>nyelonong ‘without permission. </em>The production and the use of these <em>pemaliq </em>represent values that can be applied in human life such as (1) respect; (2) alert; (3) polite; (4) humble; (5) tolerant; (6) responsible; (7) not greedy; (8) care of the environment; (9) awareness; (10) wisdom; (11) critical knowledge; and (12) thankful.</p> - Suliadi I Ketut Darma Laksana - Mahyuni I Wayan Simpen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-15 2018-09-15 2 3 45 55 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.195 Regulation of protection and fulfillment of employee rights of go-jek drivers under Indonesian employment regulation <p style="text-align: justify;">Go-Jek is the biggest and successful company which provides an online transportation solution for people in Indonesia through the mobile phone application by giving the impression of being the liaison between drivers and passengers. Go-Jek drivers are referred to as "partners" who can determine the amount of their income and their own working hours. However, in reality, the partnership relationship offered that aligns drivers with transport providers has exploitative relationships. The drivers are treated as informal workers without employment protection. Using technology, Go-Jek company has managed to set the drivers but still seem to have an equal relationship and give the freedom of employment as if there were no exploitation of the drivers. This rhetoric rests on the conventional concept of working relationships that the employer has the means of production and pays an hourly wage. The fact that the company only provides the application is always emphasized to create the impression that the driver is not a worker. So the system creates an imbalance of access and power that enables the company to keep drivers working and at the same time, the company eliminate the rights of drivers as workers and charge them and risk them.</p> Kadek Januarsa Adi Sudharma Ni Ketut Elly Sutrisni Agus Putu Abiyasa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 2 3 56 62 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.193 Pressure on socio-cultural towards post-divorce Hindu women in Denpasar city <p style="text-align: justify;">This research was focused on reviewing the post-divorce Hindu women’s regarding socio-cultural pressure in Denpasar city. The analysis results found that the high dominance of the patrilineal culture caused Hindu women to experience social and cultural pressure after the divorce. An oblique labeling was often related to Hindu women after a divorce due to patrilineal culture dominance. The field findings indicated the fact that the divorce rate was increasing. The number who were widowed also increasing. Even those who were widowed classified as young due to they were early marriage. The pressure on socio-cultural after the divorce included first, the dominance of the patriarchal culture that was still strong in Bali. The men (<em>purusa</em>) have a strategic position in Balinese culture. This can be seen from people’s view of the men rather than women. In this case, the decision-making authority was still on the husband. Second, having to accept social stigma, Hindu women who are experiencing divorce will also be faced with a more religious stigma. A divorce in religion was actually not permitted, due to marriage was a very sacred procession. This causes divorce to be considered a family disgrace. However, the bad stigma was more predominantly directed at women, not men. Third, the social-cultural pressure for the Hindu women can be seen from the lack of protection and protection provided by traditional institutions in Bali, whether in village regulations (<em>awig-awig</em>) towards Hindu women, resulting in divorce cases increase.</p> Ida Bagus Agra I Putu Gelgel Ida Bagus Dharmika ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 2 3 63 78 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.191 From the individual to the historical: a commentary on amitav ghosh as a writer of historical fiction with reference to the glass palace <p style="text-align: justify;">Amitav Ghosh is widely known as a historical novelist in Indian Writing in English. He recreates the colonial past of the subcontinent from the colonized point of view. However, he is not one who merely recreates history. He is appreciated for writing history with life. He narrates the story of an individual who often turns out to be the representative of a community and its untold history.<em> The Glass Palace</em> is one such novel that recreates the history of the colonial past of India and Burma. The focus is mainly on the life of Rajkumar who is an Indian orphan struggling to survive in Burma after being unfortunately transported to the country by accident. This paper is an analysis of Ghosh’s novel, <em>The Glass Palace</em> in order to show how the author recreates a lively history by narrating the life story of his protagonist.</p> Neethi Mohan S.P. Suresh Kumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-04 2018-10-04 2 3 79 85 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.203 Social media as promotion trend for increasing tourist visit towards digital era <p style="text-align: justify;">This study examines "Social media as a trend of promotion for increasing tourist visits of the digital era at Tegallantang village Ubud Bali". Marketing leaders need timely and accurate reports about current sales. Smart companies make use of "cookies," records of Web site users that are stored in a personal browser, are smart target marketing users. Companies must translate sales data carefully so as not to draw wrong conclusions. In addition to saving mail expenses, this data manipulation can often achieve a double-digit response rate. The company stores this data (data warehousing) and makes it easily accessible to decision makers. Furthermore, by employing analysis that has expertise in complex statistical methods, companies can "dig" data (data mining) and gather new knowledge about neglected customer segments, and other useful information. The internal data system provides results data, but the marketing intelligence system provides current data (happenings). Marketing intelligence system (marketing intelligence system) is a collection of procedures and resources used by managers to obtain daily information about various developments in the marketing environment. The marketing manager collects marketing intelligence by reading books, newspapers, and trade publications, talking with customers, suppliers, and distributors; observe "social media" on the internet through online discussion groups, e-mail lists, and blogs and meet with other company managers. In this context, social media plays an important role for every effort to connect with digital customers spread across the world indefinitely.</p> Anak Agung Gde Alit Geria A.A. Istri Agung Maheswari A. A. Gde Putra Pemayun ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-08 2018-10-08 2 3 86 94 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.204 Developing assessment instrument based curriculum 2013 for teaching micro teaching in English education department of Undiksha <p style="text-align: justify;">The policy of implementing the 2013 curriculum (K-13) has brought about changes in terms of teaching paradigms leading to <em>constructivistic</em> which allows students to formulate their own knowledge from the experiences they built. To produce teachers with that competency, Microteaching as the course of practicing the pedagogical subjects needs to be redesigned and modified in order to suit the objective of the curriculum. This article is a part of bigger research which aimed at identifying and analyzing the most appropriate methods for teaching Microteaching course based K-13. The research designed used in this study was based on Sugiyono’ model which was consist of 10 stages.&nbsp; The result of the need analysis described the types of an assessment instrument that were needed to be developed for teaching Microteaching course of the English Education Department students of the Ganesha University of Education. By certain consideration and discussion, it was decided the three forms of assessment instruments needed to be developed in this study, namely: (1) written assessment instrument, (2) simulation 8 basic skills of Microteaching assessment instrument, and (3) writing lesson plan and performance 8 skills of Microteaching.</p> Komang Trisna Dewi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-08 2018-10-08 2 3 95 106 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.205 Schematic of humorous discourse of stand-up comedy in Indonesia <p style="text-align: justify;">This qualitative research design was conducted to describe the schema, cohesion, coherence, and context contained in the stand-up comedy performed by famous comics (performer of stand-up comedy) in Indonesia. The data were in the form of the text of stand-up comedy performed by Raditya Dika. Ernest Prakarsa, dan Pandji Pragiwaksono. The source of the data was video-audio stand up comedy on YouTube channel Next, the data gathered and analyzed grounded in the theory of schematic, cohesion, coherence and humorous discourse. The results show that that the schemata appear in the set-up section and each schema appears based on the experience of comics. The schema appears variously including dating, children, family, education, personal experience, social and so forth. The cohesion found in the stand-up comedy performed by the comics is only a few and without coherence in it. The context arising also depends on the main theme of the stand-up comedy.</p> - Fitri - Mahyuni - Sudirman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-10-29 2018-10-29 2 3 107 116 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.213 Communication strategy for English guides: tourism area in Lombok island <p style="text-align: justify;">The popularity of Lombok in the tourism sector has been experienced by many foreign tourists. According to The West Nusa Tenggara Bureau of Statistic 2017, there are 1.404.328 people who have come to Lombok as foreign tourists, 10,3% of them used the Lombok Guide to arrange their trip. Based on the data, this research will discuss how communication strategies between Lombok tourist guides and English speaking tourists will be conducted. This research will focus on the common communication strategies that are being used by the guides. The source of this research will be the guides who work regularly at one of the travel agencies in Mataram city. The data will be collected from the recording of Lombok Guides and the English speaking tourists' conversations. This research reveals nine types of communication strategies such as message abandonment, topic avoidance, circumlocution, approximation, use all-purpose words, prefabricated, non-linguistic, stalling/time gaining, and over-elaboration. Finally, of the 63 total acts, the most common communication strategies or the dominant ones are message abandonment with a total of 15 acts about 23,8%, less dominant is an approximation with a total of 5 acts about 7,9% and the least dominant are over-elaboration with a total of 2 acts about 3,2%. In summary, the guides need to improve their skills and performance to tackle the problems that are present in the research.</p> Dende Maya Umrah - Mahyuni - Syahdan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 2 3 117 124 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.217 Strategy to improve knowledge, attitude, and skill toward clean and healthy life behaviour <p style="text-align: justify;">Various efforts must be conducted to provide a good understanding of PHBS to students. The approach applied to students has been using conventional counseling techniques, where the information is surely accepted by the target but few students who still remember the information and numerous students who lack attention because one-way counseling tends to be boring. The efforts done by health personnel have not been maximal. Therefore, the issue of delivering health information to students must be solved by other strategies, one of them is video media. It is designed to make the target acquires a proper understanding of PHBS easier. <em>Video in this study derives from traditional dance of Lombok, called by Rudat which is performed by Elementary School students "KeRASA PHBS"</em>. It is an effort to utilize local cultural wisdom as a strategy to improve Knowledge, Attitude, and Skill for clean and healthy life behavior. The aim of this study was to find out the effectiveness of Rudat dance video of Elementary School students <em>"KeRASA PHBS" </em>as a Strategy to improve Knowledge, Attitude, and Skill to PHBS. This study used Quasy experimental with a pretest-posttest approach with Control-Group design.</p> Moh. Arip - Cembun Desty Emilyani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 2 3 125 135 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.222 Pitra yadnya implementation for Hindu heroes <p style="text-align: justify;">In carrying out the obligations of the state <em>(dharma negara)</em> the Hindus who are designated as heroes to get the rights to the hero’s cemetery are permanent. It means that they have a strong legal basis and their bodies are handed over to the state to be buried there. According to the concept of the death ceremony <em>(pitra yadnya)</em>, the body must be immediately cremated <em>(aben)</em> to return the five basic elements <em>(panca maha bhuta) </em>to God. The study was intended to find why the <em>pitra yadnya</em> is importantly implemented for Hindu heroes in hero’s cemetery Kalibata. A qualitative method was applied in the present study, structural functionalism theory, religious theory, symbol theory, and legal system theory. <em>Pitra yadnya</em> ceremony was important to be carried out for Hindu heroes in the hero’s cemetery Kalibata, namely theologically accelerating the return of the <em>panca maha bhuta</em> to the Creator, sociologically involving the family, the community so that social interaction occurred, and family psychology was happy due to it can carry out <em>pitra yadnya</em> for the deceased. In this case, it was carried out in two stages, namely military ceremonies, and <em>pitra yadnya</em>. Sociologically, it was always involved family and society, therefore, social interactions occurred. The family psychology was happy to be able to carry out <em>pitra yadnya</em> ceremony hoping that the late was happy in the heaven <em>(amor ring acintya)</em>. Juridically, the government accommodated in its implementation, while economically there was an economic turnaround, thus, the welfare of the community increased.</p> I Dewa Made Suara I Putu Gelgel I Wayan Suka Yasa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-21 2018-11-21 2 3 136 148 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.223 The stylistics of text: wasiat renungan masa pengalaman baru <p style="text-align: justify;">The stylistic study towards <em>wasiat renungan masa pengalaman baru</em> text by Muhammad Zainuddin Abdul Majid was motivated by the fact that so far the interpretation of the text is not intact, namely only text interpreting to cohesion meaning. The interpretation of literary works must look at the meaning that arises due to foregrounding and cohesion of foregrounding. Stylistic studies in literature see how the language elements were used to revealing messages in literary works. Exploration, explanation, and interpretation of this text were important and strategic, due to the text was guided by hundreds of thousands of their follower who were members of Nahdlatul Wathan Organization. The stylistic study on Leech approach to the text suggests that the meanings contained in each stanza in the text not only contain cohesion but also contain many foregrounding, and cohesion of foregrounding meanings.</p> Bohri Rahman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-23 2018-11-23 2 3 149 155 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.225 Improving policy of the Republic of Indonesia performance in Bali regional police environment <p style="text-align: justify;">This current study is aimed at analyzing the policy which is made to improve the performance of the Police of the Republic of Indonesia in general and the Bali Regional Police in particular when serving the public,&nbsp; the model of formal policy which is expected to increase the income earned by those who are employed at the Operating Bureau of the Bali Regional Police, and the factors hampering the attempts made to improve the performance of the police of the Republic of Indonesia when serving the public in the Bali Regional Police. The study focuses on the policy issued to give remuneration and the performance of being prepared to serve the public. The study is also intended to evaluate to what extent the policy of giving remuneration can lead to the achievement of the goal and target already determined. One of the goals which are intended to be achieved is to improve the performance of the Police of the Republic of Indonesia when serving the public.</p> I Ketut Astina Agus Sukristyanto Arif Darmawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 2 3 156 172 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.226 Economic vision for R & D projects of university <p style="text-align: justify;">The university as a center of teaching and research training requires extensive work supported by the articulation and development of research projects. At work an economic vision for the conclusion and management of research and development projects promoted by the university, which will allow the educational institution to play a significant role in their community function linked to the formation of future professional’s displays.</p> Elvia Mariana Cedeño Cedeño Antonio Vázquez Pérez Gavin Antonio Toala Arcentales ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-11-26 2018-11-26 2 3 173 179 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.227 Dilemma on medical treatments: rejection of medical treatments by patients and elements of neglect through perspective of article 304 of criminal law <p style="text-align: justify;">The right to health care and medical care is a human right that must be respected. No one can abandon patients who need medical treatment and care. Regarding neglect of patients, medical personnel/doctors can be convicted under Article 304 of the Criminal Code. Patients have the right to refuse any type of treatment. There are vague norms in Article 304 of the Criminal Code. The vagueness of the norm lies in the phrase: "placing or leaving someone in a state of misery". The purpose of this paper is to guarantee legal certainty on the vague norms contained in Article 304 of the Criminal Code. The method used in this writing is a normative legal method, the approaches used are the statute approach and historical approach. The results of this study indicate that placing or allowing a patient to refuse medical treatment is not a mistake that is a condition for someone to be convicted. The patient has the right to refuse medical treatment from the doctor after receiving a complete explanation from the doctor based on Law No. 29 of 2004 concerning Medical Practice. Doctors are obliged to respect the rights of the patient, and they do not promise cure patients, but taken great care to treat the patient's illness.</p> I Made Wahyu Chandra Satriana ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-04 2018-12-04 2 3 180 186 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.228 Student anxiety and their speaking performance: teaching EFL to Indonesian student <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims at finding out whether or not there’s an impact on students’ anxiety on their speaking performance. In addition, it also has an aim to identify factors relate to students’ reluctance that can hinder their oral performance. Observation, interview, and questionnaire have been used to collect the data which has then been analyzed in a qualitative way. 25 students of the second semester of English Department <em>Universitas Nusa Cendana</em> Indonesia have been selected as the subject of this research. Based on the findings and analysis, it can be revealed that students’ anxiety definitely has an impact on their speaking performance and this becomes one of the reasons why they find it difficult to express themselves in English. Many factors have been identified but only those which have been considered as the main ones are presented in this writing to answer the question of why the students have been reluctant in their oral performance. Knowing that their oral performance was severely hampered by the above-mentioned factors, several solutions have been recommended to make them easy to cope with their anxiety.</p> Santri E.P Djahimo Dewi I.N Bili Bora Elisna Huan ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 2 3 187 195 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.235 International communication of intangible cultural heritage in central plains: a case study of Chinese Wushu <p style="text-align: justify;">As an important part of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Central Plains, Chinese <em>Wushu</em> (<em>Kungfu</em>) has distinctive Chinese features and profound foundations of national culture and is a typical representative of Chinese national spirit. This paper discusses the characteristics of Chinese <em>Wushu</em> and indicates the strategies of the international communication of Chinese <em>Wushu</em>, in order to make some contributions to the international communication, in which we are supposed to standardize the English Translation of Wushu terminology, to maintain the cultural features of national Wushu, to promote the cultural export of Wushu culture and broaden the ways of foreign communication of Chinese <em>Wushu</em>. It is argued that a proposed set of translation strategies can promote a better international communication of intangible cultural heritage.</p> Xia Liu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-12-28 2018-12-28 2 3 196 204 10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.238