International journal of social sciences and humanities <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJSSH</strong>&nbsp;is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>April</em>,&nbsp;<em>August</em>, and&nbsp;<em>December</em>.&nbsp;</p> Universidad Tecnica de Manabi en-US International journal of social sciences and humanities 2550-701X Renewable sources and natural disasters: A look from legal order in professional training <p style="text-align: justify;">The crises linked to the high costs of oil and environmental pollution have led to think about the large-scale use of systems that use renewable energy sources, as a measure to mitigate these impacts. In Cuba there are more than 10,000 installations that take advantage of renewable sources using different technologies, these are of small format; but also there are conditions of a renewable potential distributed throughout the national territory, which allows us to continue introducing these practices in a larger scale and format. The work deals, with the possibilities offered by the use of the potential of the renewable energy source as a measure of economic savings and reduction of disaster risks, exposing the need to link the facilities that take advantage of these resources, with the stability of the energy services for the confrontation of natural disasters and for exceptional situations, in addition to the rescue of certain energetic cultural traditions, which can help in the formation of social habits of efficiency and austerity in consumption, propitiating the reduction of the associated environmental impacts and the promulgation of a legal norm that protects and orders the penetration of renewable sources in the national energy matrix.</p> Antonio Vázquez Pérez María Rodríguez Gámez Carlos Gustavo Villacreses Viteri Miguel Castro Fernández ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-09 2019-05-09 3 2 1 9 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.283 Tri hita karana and sad kertih values in Belimbing rural tourism development <p style="text-align: justify;">The increasing number of tourist visits to Bali is not an irrational expectation considering that Bali has been known as a world tourist destination through various awards attributed to the island. In fact, some of the achievements that have been nominated to Bali are because of the unity of the implementation of <em>Tri Hita Karana</em> (THK) and <em>Sad Kertih</em> (SK) values as local wisdom in maintaining Balinese balance. However, the lack of consistency of tourism actors in supporting cultural tourism, especially in maintaining and increasing appreciation of Balinese culture can make Bali gradually will be left by tourists. Therefore, the hegemonic capitalist that commodify Bali for tourism-business interests needs to be countered for a reinvention of the loss of Bali.&nbsp;&nbsp; This study aims at investigating the revitalization of THK and SK values in the development of Belimbing tourist village. The method used is descriptive qualitative with techniques for collecting data on participatory observation, in-depth interviews, and document studies. While the theory used is hegemony and counter-hegemony. The results of the study show that the need for revitalization, transformation, conservation, and actualization of the values of THK and SK local wisdom, as an effort to realize the multiplier effects of developing community-based tourism villages and based on local wisdom values which ultimately leads.</p> Gede Ginaya Ni Made Sudarmini I.A. Kade Werdika Damayanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-09 2019-05-09 3 2 10 23 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.282 Professional training incident in local development <p style="text-align: justify;">If the concept, of the university, has taken as a reference it can be affirmed, that it is the academic institution of higher education, research, and relationship with society. Which grants academic degrees in different disciplines, in order to make the economic and social development of the community professionally viable, and the contribution it offers is practically essential, especially as it relates to the link between the human resource that leaves and its influence on the local development of the society. A conscientious study has made the indicators that influence this interactive process of experiences, wisdom, and knowledge by development, work, stability, in the environment where they operate. There are factors that influence and determine that the development of a social conglomerate does not correspond to the number of professionals who graduate from university classrooms. To determine the development is growing or not, the possible causes generate it has analyzed and secondly, strategies have proposed in which the main actors of the change participate. The province of Manabí has characterized by significant economic activity in the agricultural field, with the ideal conditions to originate growth and development; however, there are high levels of unemployment.</p> Yadira Chávez Loor José Leonardo Ávila Zambrano María Dolores Chávez Loor Carlos G. Villacreses Viteri María Rodríguez Gámez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-06 2019-06-06 3 2 24 30 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.290 Penta helix model to develop ecotourism <p style="text-align: justify;">Tamansari village, which is located at the foot of Mount Ijen, can be a new tourist alternative in Banywangi, East Java. The existence of the village with its potential is one of the pilot villages in the Mount Ijen area and is expected to increase sales value and be integrated with the Tourist Information Center (TIC) of Banyuwangi District Tourism. The fact that the Banyuwangi Regency Government and BCA, one of the major banks in Indonesia has collaborated in developing this Tamansari tourism village, so helix collaborates to actively provide assistance to the community has taken place in order to be able to further develop the potential of Taman Sari village. This qualitative study aims at investigating the role of collaborative stakeholders of the local governments, entrepreneurs, the academicians, the media, and the community ??in the development of Tamansari village ecotourism. The data is obtained through participatory observation, in-depth interviews, and document studies. The study reveals that the development of Tamansari village ecotourism requires the involvement of five parties to accelerate its maximum development as synergizing stakeholders can lead the community to achieve the goal of developing the potential of agritourism in Tamansari village.</p> Sri Widowati Gede Ginaya Ni Nyoman Triyuni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-09 2019-06-09 3 2 31 46 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.288 An exploratory study on marketing strategies of selected home appliances at kolkata metropolitan <p style="text-align: justify;">A study focuses on two aspects first, how existing marketing strategy provides a push the customer for selecting particular home appliances and the second one how demand on customers are motivated though using that marketing strategy. Because marketing strategies are just the ingredients which help to attract the consumer towards the product. So we conclude that our study focuses on two aspects first, how existing marketing strategy proves a push the customer for selecting particular home appliances and the second one how demand on customers are motivated though using that marketing strategy. In both cases, we found that there must be a strong correlation between the marketing strategies which prove a push or poke (shock- knock at the customer’s choice) while selecting a particular home appliance.</p> Chinmoy Ghosh Sujit Mukherjee ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 3 2 47 61 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.292 Self-disclosure effect on cultural context of Papuan teenagers <p style="text-align: justify;">Self-disclosure is revealed through various phenomena such as information on behavior, attitudes, feelings, desires, motivations, and ideas. Related to the statement, this study aims to analyze the relationship between self-disclosure to the culture of Papuan teenagers. The sample of the current study was teenager students of Middle School in Sentani, Papua- Indonesia. In the study, a random technique was applied in order to gain 183 students as the total sample. They were 20% of the 919 teenager students. The quantitative approach was applied to examine the instruments of validity and reliability, factor analysis, t-test, and correlation coefficient. The results have shown that from 78 statement items of self-disclosure, 64 statement items were declared valid while 14 others were not valid. For 85 items about culture, there were 68 valid statement items while 17 were invalid. The self-disclosure analysis of reliability was 0.823 while the culture analysis was 0.810. Furthermore, factor analysis has shown that from 64 items of self-disclosure statements, 60 items were stated to be fulfilled while 4 other items were not fulfilled. The results of the correlation coefficient were obtained at 86.5%. It is concluded that self-disclosure has a strong and significant effect on the culture of Papuan teenagers.</p> Maryam B. Gainau ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 3 2 62 70 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.293 The contribution of levinas’ conception of responsibility to the ethical encounter counselor-counselee <p style="text-align: justify;">In fact, humans have always been closely related to others. This relationship can be meant to encounter ethical counselor-counselee which is based on an attitude of responsibility. The concept of the responsibility of Levinas can be put as a foundation for ethical counselor-counselee relation in order to contribute to and strengthen the concept of responsibility in literature-literature for guidance and counseling, and counseling practice also does not impress as conditioning. Based on a literature review and critical analysis, we found the following results: 1). The helping profession is to be interpreted in the framework of &nbsp;thinking responsibility, and the responsibility of counselor-counselee should be able to be realized in concrete &nbsp;actions and patterned <em>being-for</em> so that it becomes I-for-You (asymmetrical), &nbsp;should not be reversed into a <em>being-with</em> so that it becomes You-to-I (reciprocity/mutuality); 2). Responsibility in the context of multicultural counseling is seen in phenomenological by pointing at reality in awareness counselor (intentionality), and 3). Empathy &nbsp;as a major component of&nbsp; the counselor in the basic attitude of its&nbsp; existence takes responsibility for substitution (<em>one-in-the-place-of-another</em>). The responsibility of substitution is the unique and total responsibility of the counselor-counselee.</p> Zummy Anselmus Dami Imanuela Pandu Elka Anakotta Agusthinus Sahureka ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 3 2 71 83 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.291 Problematic and alternative solutions of different wangsa marriage at Balinese community in Lombok <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to conduct a study of different <em>wangsa </em>marriage at Balinese in Lombok. This phenomenon is related to the basis of the determination of the social stratification of Hindus in Lombok and finds a solution to the problem raised. This research was designed in interpretive descriptive research using an empirical juridical study model. Data source of this study consisted of two, namely primary and secondary.&nbsp;The results of the study found (1) the basis for determining the social stratification of Balinese Hindus in Lombok, namely, the interpretation of erroneous religious norms, namely from <em>catur varna </em>become <em>catur wangsa</em>. <em>Catur varna</em> uses the basis of <em>guna</em> (talent) and <em>karma</em> (tendency) in determining social stratification. <em>Catur wangsa </em>using birth is the basis for determining social stratification. In this regard, the patrilineal cultural traditions of Balinese Hindu community in Lombok calculate the kinship relationship of a child following his father's lineage. (2) with regard to changes in the determination of the social stratification system, women are psychologically pressured because of injustice to treatment. (3) the alternative is that if the marriage between the <em>tri wangsa</em> woman and the man outside <em>tri wangsa</em> is the marriage process of the <em>ngerorod</em> model or elopement.</p> I Gusti Ayu Aditi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-03 2019-07-03 3 2 84 94 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.296 Information technology adoption on digital marketing communication channel <p style="text-align: justify;">This research aimed at contributing academically related to the effort of information technology adoption particularly in digital channels of marketing communication, such as website and social media, to be optimized by Small-Medium size Enterprises (SMEs) in Bali. The main focus is on various travel agents and ticketing in small and medium scale which using the media of information technology in order to build brand awareness of their services and attracting their potential target market. Snowball sampling was used to 16 informants through the semi-structured interview as a qualitative research method. This research aims at addressing how marketers knowing and using information technology to deliver their business activities, while they tend to face a number of barriers to realize and process data from those marketing channels as an analysis supporting tools for crafting marketing campaign strategies and optimizing as a business strategic decision. Furthermore, the paradigm of society that traditional channels and digital channels of marketing communication as a different thing, which lead to the failure of the integration of marketing communication.</p> I Made Sindhu Yoga Ni Putu Dyah Permatha Korry Ni Made Dhian Rani Yulianti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 3 2 95 104 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.297 Problems of learning and pedagogical intervention <p style="text-align: justify;">Every teacher must be trained and solve any training difficulties that arise in the classroom, therefore, the work focuses on learning and intervention problems. The bibliographic revision was used as a method, in research a number of aspects of relevance to work were observed, in this way, learning problems were taken into accounts, such as dyscalculia and dyslexia.</p> Eduardo Sornoza Menéndez Maria Elena Moya Martinez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 3 2 105 111 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.301 Effect of fiscal decentralization policy of regional economic imbalances towards economy growth in Eastern Indonesia <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research aimed at analyzing and knowing (1) the influence of fiscal decentralization policy towards economic growth in eastern Indonesia and (2) the influence of fiscal decentralization policy towards regional imbalances decline in eastern Indonesia. In order to reach the aims, panel data was analyzed. It was analyzed by accommodating information that related to cross-section variables and time series. The panel data, substantially, is expected to be able to decrease the problems of omitted-variables. Furthermore, regression effect analysis was applied for estimating the econometric model. The results of the current research have shown that: (1) fiscal decentralization policy influences growth of the regional economy, and (2) the relationship of fiscal decentralization policy with regional imbalance has confirmed that the decentralization fiscal has not got any ability to reduce the imbalances economy of eastern Indonesia.</p> Arung Lamba Paulus K. Allo Ramasoyan Arung Lamba ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 3 2 112 127 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.298 Brain and learning <p style="text-align: justify;">The brain is an important organ that directs all the actions of the body and the intervention that it has in human behavior, is fundamental for the analysis of the subject since by means of its study it can be analyzed its structure, functioning, coordination, and control. Exercises in different actions, where they link the knowledge of What is the brain?. What is learning?. And What is neuroscience? to recognize the impact they exert on the daily actions of the human being. The present work uses the bibliographic reference where the information will have sustained, which aims to define the importance of the Brain and its relationship in learning activities, through experience and knowledge. Finally, the conclusions of the work ha exposed, where technological and scientific advances have detailed with respect to the importance of the brain in the learning and teaching processes, from different sciences, understanding the importance and development of the knowledge.</p> Angelica Maria Sabando Suarez Maria Elena Moya Martinez Luis Raul Meza Mendoza ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 3 2 128 135 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.302 Commodification of usada bali: between profit-oriented and negotiation of sasana balian <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this research is to understand and explain the discourse and practice of commodifying the <em>usada</em> Bali and negotiating the <em>balian</em> atmosphere in relation to economic interests. The method used is critical ethnography with qualitative analysis. This study found that the practice of commodifying <em>usada</em> Bali by balian was done by manipulating cultural capital, symbolic capital, and economic capital in the domains and dynamics of the habitus of <em>usada</em> Bali treatment to achieve economic goals. In medical practice, the <em>balian</em> people conduct negotiations in the gymnasium as a professional code of ethics in the midst of increasingly tighter competition in medical services. The findings of this study reflect the occurrence of mutual transformation in the practice of Balinese <em>usada</em> medicine due to the hegemony of modernity.</p> Ida Bagus Suatama Anak Agung Ngurah Anom Kumbara A. A. Sagung Kartika Dewi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 3 2 136 144 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.300 Learning problems on educational context for cascol parish <p style="text-align: justify;">Learning problems have become a relevant topic within the psycho-pedagogical area, referring to problems in language acquisition, reading, and writing or in the numerical area. Students who have learning problems have certain characteristics such as normal or higher intelligence and do not have any sensory deficits. The objective of the work is to know the different learning problems that arise in the students of the educational institutions of the Cascol parish of the Pajàn canton. The paper offers a conceptual analysis of the different learning problems. It has approached from the definition, causes, and consequences where several authors who have studied the subject have analyzed. The ability of teachers to analyze and investigate the problems that generate or cause the blockage in the development of their skills and the importance of psychological support to students who have learning problems to provide strategies to correct and avoid complications in the future has analyzed. The impact on the youth of the parish of Cascol, the importance of knowing the causes and consequences of different learning disorders has analyzed. Finally, the conclusions of the work have exposed, where the relevance of the study has shown to know the different learning problems in adolescents.</p> Carlos Julio Bastidas Martinez Brenda Stefania Guale Vasquez María Elena Moya Martinez María Rodríguez Gámez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-06 2019-08-06 3 2 145 155 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.306 Syntactical analysis of essays <p style="text-align: justify;">The main purpose of this research is to describe: (1) sentence type;&nbsp; (2) Unity sentence; and (3) sentence structure found in the class VI students elementary school in Buleleng Regency, Bali Province. The data source used to be the subject in this study is a class VI elementary school student in Buleleng Regency, Bali province. Meanwhile, the object is (1) sentence type; (2) unity sentence; and (3) sentence structure found in the class VI students elementary School in Buleleng Regency, Bali Province. The method used in collecting data is a document recording method. Collected data is analyzed with descriptive analysis. The results showed that: (1) The type of sentence found in the class VI elementary school students in Buleleng Regency, Bali Province can be divided according to (a) the contents, there are 219 sentences; (b) The number of the clauses, there are 74 single sentences, 145 compound sentences; (c) The predicate of the establishment, there are 216 verbal sentences and 3 nominal sentences; and (d) the nature of the actor's relationship, there are 201 active sentences and 18 passive sentences.</p> Ida Bagus Putrayasa ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-06 2019-08-06 3 2 156 164 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.307 Mediation role of job satisfaction towards effect of conflict roles on organizational commitment <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study aimed at analyzing as well as determining job satisfaction on organizational commitment in non-medical employees at Indonesia private hospitals. It examined the influence of role conflict on organizational commitment. The population in this study were all non-medical employees of Private Hospitals in Mataram City- Indonesia. The total samples were 118 employees. The researchers, in collecting data, applied techniques of questionnaires, documentation, and interviews. After that, the data were analyzed using 3.0 <em>Partial Least Square</em> (PLS) program. The results of this study have indicated that the role of conflict has got a negative and significant effect on organizational commitment. It has also got a negative and significant effect on job satisfaction. Furthermore, job satisfaction has got a positive and significant effect on organizational commitment. The role conflict itself, through job satisfaction mediation, has got a negative and significant effect on organizational commitment.</p> Lalu Anugrah Alwan Saputra - Surati Akhmad Saufi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-07 2019-08-07 3 2 165 175 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.308 Influence factor of consumers interest on using E-money <p style="text-align: justify;">The objectives of this study was to determine the factors that influence consumer interest in using e-money in Badung and Denpasar City in Bali. This study uses the analysis of SEM structural equations with alternative Partial Least Square (PLS). Consumer attitudes mediate the influence of the relationship between perceived benefits and perceived ease of consumer interest in using e-money, the attitude of consumers in using e-money does not mediate the effect of the relationship between customer knowledge on consumer interest in using e-money. The coefficient of determination R-square for attitude variables is 0.502, which means that the variable attitude of consumers in using e-money can be explained by the variable perception of benefits, perceived convenience and consumer knowledge by 50.2 percent, or in other words, every variant of consumer attitudes e-money will be explained by the variable perception of benefits, perceived ease and consumers knowledge by 50.2 percent, the rest explained by other variables outside the model by 49.8 percent.</p> Ni Wayan Mentari I Nyoman Djinar Setiawina I Made Kembar Sri Budhi I Wayan Sudirman ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-15 2019-08-15 3 2 176 186 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.311 Fraud factors of financial statements on construction industry in Indonesia stock exchange <p style="text-align: justify;">This research was intended at analyzing the fraud factors of the financial statement using the fraud triangle theory approach. Financial statements manipulation was a fraud form. It was generally difficult to detect. The population was all companies engaged in the construction industry sector. They were listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2013-2017. The multiple regression is applied for the determination of the sample using purposive sampling techniques and data analysis techniques. The statistical test results showed the opportunity proxied by the audit committee illustrates the effectiveness of the control. It has been negatively affecting the fraudulent financial statements. The rationalization proxied by the auditor’s change has a positive effect on the fraudulent financial statements. This study also contributed to the fraud triangle theory. It was provided evidence that elements in the fraud triangle model. They can be used to detect fraudulent financial statements.</p> Yudha Pramana Herkulanus Bambang Suprasto I Gusti Ayu Made Dwija Putri I Gusti Ayu Nyoman Budiasih ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-16 2019-08-16 3 2 187 196 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.313 Reaction actions based on student learning assessment results <p style="text-align: justify;">Teaching professional development is one of the relevant fields of educational context education, this work aims to investigate pedagogical reinforcement through feedback as a method of control systems, in order to monitor and optimize the behavior of the evaluation of students within the learning-teaching process and if teachers apply it in a timely manner. The behavior of feedback actions and their improvement was assessed based on the results of the students' assessments, the Methodist to which it was applied was exploratory, to measure as behaved this in a selected sample of teachers in the 21st century Educational Unit José Aquiles Valencia Delgado, resulting in not all teachers applying it within the teaching process learn.</p> María Eugenia García Alcívar Yesenia Magdalena García Delgado Ana Karen Mera Rodríguez Eva Lisbeth Cedeño Romero ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-17 2019-08-17 3 2 197 207 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.315 Causative constructions in the language of nias <p style="text-align: justify;">This is a brief analysis of causative constructions in Nias, an Austronesian language spoken by around 813,155 people on the island of Nias of the west coast of Sumatera in Indonesia. It specifically deals with the strategies employed in constructing causatives in the verb-initial language. Data were obtained from Nias-speaking informants living in Laowöwaga, one of the villages in the district of East Lahewa in the reference of North Nias. The results of the analysis show that causatives in the language of Nias are constructed through morpholexical operation involving affixes and words/pre-categrorials. More specifically, some causatives are formed by attaching prefix {fe-} or its allomorph {f-} to an intransitive verb. Some are formed by morpholexical operation involving suffix {-ö} and an adjective or suffix {-gö} and a pre-categorial.&nbsp; Both morpholexical operations involving prefix and those involving suffix and the base introduce direct causers. Some causatives are formed by attaching confix {fa-...-ö} to a transitive verb as the base. This morpholexical operation changes the argument function introduced from direct causer to indirect causer.</p> Wa’özisökhi Nazara I Nengah Sudipa Ketut Artawa Made Sri Satyawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-18 2019-08-18 3 2 208 216 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.316 Sensory playful corners on stimulation of children from one to three years <p style="text-align: justify;">Despite the growing tendency to create playful corners on the part of the MIES and the MINEDUC, in the CDI there continues to be an urgent need for change in the actions of the educators, with respect to how the subject of sensory activities is being handled in the stimulation of children in their first years of life and thus implement meaningful learning, the problem focuses on the lack of sensory playful corners in perceptual stimulation The study was applied to 20 educators of 5 care units of the modality Child Development Center (CDI) of several rural sectors of the Portoviejo canton, having as objective to determine the use of sensory playful corners in the stimulation of children from 1 to 3 years. The results of this work showed that there are no sensory playful corners and that educators lack knowledge about the importance of creating these spaces and making them available to children for their learning, reaching the conclusion that there is a need to create an innovative guide with content sessions, skills, play materials for the corners of visual, auditory, gustatory, olfactory and tactile perception.</p> Rosa Delfina Giler Giler Telly Yarita Macías Zambrano Fabián Enrique Vera Anzules Veronica Del Pilar Zambrano Burgos ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 3 2 217 223 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.317 Gender and work-life balance: A phenomenological study on Balinese female auditor <p style="text-align: justify;">The auditor is one promising profession to current and the future. The number of women auditors currently is higher than in men. However, the number of female auditors currently has positively increased. Balinese female auditor’s research used an interpretive phenomenology analysis approach in exploring understanding. The subjects of this study involved three Balinese female auditors. Data mining was carried out by conducting in-depth interviewees to gain an understanding of the interviewer’s role as auditors of Balinese women in a dual role. The excavation results show the auditors have the concept of work-life balance always happy in life and always grateful. The highest motivation and support of interviewees is their family. Work-life balance is a challenge in life, namely, career, family, and social aspects in the customs form. The alternative work arrangements development is felt to be a solution to reduce work-life conflict and female auditor fatigue.</p> Ni Ketut Dian Juliantini I Putu Sudana Herkulanus Bambang Suprasto I Gusti Ayu Made Asri Dwija Putri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 3 2 224 237 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.318 The importance of formative assessment in the learning teaching process <p style="text-align: justify;">The present research aimed to know the role that the formative evaluation fulfills in the teaching-learning process, this is based on a continuous evaluation process that occurs during learning, based on the search and interpretation of evidence about student performance and the scope of students' different goals, projections or objectives. Within the methodology, analytical and research methods were used, thus knowing the importance of evaluation; analyzing the needs and interests of students through a survey that was conducted in&nbsp; the Technical Educational Unit "Walter Francisco Andrade Ortiz" of the City of Pedernales; with the aim of raising awareness in the teachers of the institution, the importance of formative evaluation as a means to raise the quality of performance of students, and thus to demonstrate the results of learning obtained within the classroom in students: The results of the research showed that the formative assessment improves the school performance of the students and this can be used as a strategy to promote collaboration between them.</p> Irina Yadira Cevallos Menéndez Miguel Angel Cobeña Napa Myrian Liceth Mendoza Moreira Gema Gabriela Vélez Zambrano ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-27 2019-08-27 3 2 238 249 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.322 Meaning of cost components and cost magnitude determining tender prices: A study on CV. RG <p style="text-align: justify;">The cost was the basis for management in determining the selling price of a product or service. In construction service companies, the cost determining is important. It will affect the value of the tender proposal submitted to get the job. CV. RG is a construction service company provides services in the civil and building fields. CV. RG, of course, has often participated in tenders. The problem is the company often suffer losses. The company’s success rate is still relatively low. The company participates in a tender, costs, and efforts arise in preparing the tender. In conducting costing, there are at least two aspects must be considered. It is namely the cost component and cost magnitude. This study uses a phenomenological approach to gain an understanding of decision holders about a reality based on experience. The interpretative phenomenology method is suitable to be used due to the researcher wants to reveal and understand how the decision holders. CV. RG means cost component and cost magnitude is in the process of price-determining the tender proposal. The results of the research analysis showed that in determining the cost component. The informant felt complicated due to the situation at hand. The dilemma feelings also accompanied the informants in determining the cost magnitude of the tender proposal. The meaning of this informant can also be explained because of motives and in order to motives that underlie the informant actions.</p> Ni Putu Pradnyani Paramita I Putu Sudana I.G.A.N. Budiasih Herkulanus Bambang Suprasto ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-27 2019-08-27 3 2 250 260 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.324 Errors of entrepreneur in Nigeria: the blue ocean strategy as panacea <p style="text-align: justify;">Nigeria’s harsh economy has posed business planning challenges to many small and medium scale entrepreneurs. In a bid to thrive, some of these business entrepreneurs often commit errors along the path of entrepreneurship. While most errors are helpful to the business, others are harmful. The blue ocean strategy (BOS) is an up-to-the-minute approach of thoughts; a bold, recent path to winning the future. This study conceptualizes with empirical data the common errors of a number of the entrepreneur in Nigeria and highlights the BOS as a panacea. The paper identified two objectives; to determine the effect of planning error on entrepreneurs’ success in Nigeria and the effect of Blue Ocean Strategy on the Success of Entrepreneurs in Nigeria. Statistically, two research questions and hypotheses were formulated. The descriptive statistics of simple frequency count and simple percentage were used for description and analysis.</p> Kifordu A. Anthony F. Igweh Agbor Stephen ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-29 2019-08-29 3 2 261 276 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.327 Effect of KWL learning method (know-want-learn) and self-assessment on student learning independence vocational high school <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aims at determining the effect of know-want-learn learning method and self-assessment of learning independence. The research activities were conducted in the form of quasi-experimental using 2x2 factorial design. The study population was XI grade students of all majors in Singaraja vocational middle secondary school, totaling 282 people. The sample was taken using random sampling, namely students of product service, fashion and hospitality on 124 people. Research data of learning independence scores were collected using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance. The analysis results showed that (a) towards the students who were given self-assessment. The learning independence of students who take learning with the KWL method were higher than students who take learning with conventional methods, (b) towards the students who were given peer assessment, learning independence of students who take learning the KWL method was no different from students who take learning with conventional methods, and (c) there was an effect of the interaction between the KWL learning method and self assessment on learning independence.</p> Ni Ketut Widiartini I Gede Sudirtha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 3 2 277 284 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.331 Language phenomena of sago in irrires language <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research was a descriptive study which aimed at exploring Irrires language in West Papua, Indonesia. The exploration was conducted to describe language and culture that correlate with sago palm as well as its processing system, especially lexicon of the nouns that correlates with Sago (traditional food from local plant in Papua) in Irrires language. The research was focused on inspecting the language form of the lexicon which influenced by Tambaraw culture phenomena. The researchers have applied Word of Structure in Morphology which constructed nouns as morphological process. The morphological process was inspected through (1) language meaning and form, (2) the wealth of the word that is owned by speakers of the language, and (3) the list of words arranged to identify the type of Sago.&nbsp; As the results, it is found that there are generic and specific lexicons, such as the sago lexicon, especially the classification between male sago (<em>afes</em>) and female sago (<em>afai</em>). Furthermore, sago stabbing wood (<em>memsug</em>), is also a specific noun which is different from (<em>meckur</em>) which is usually used by most farmers. <em>Meckur</em> is used to grow beans, sweet potatoes, bananas (<em>meney</em>), and sugar cane (<em>meras</em>). Sago also has a navel (<em>agen-gen</em>) which is identical to humans that has a navel.</p> Yafet Syufi Made Budiarsa I Wayan Simpen Made Sri Satyawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-31 2019-08-31 3 2 285 293 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.332 Development of vineyard agritourism through educational tour packages to sustain the local potential <p style="text-align: justify;">Buleleng Regency is known for its abundant natural products, one of the typical plantation products from Buleleng Regency is Alfonso Lavalle's black grapes. One of the areas producing black grapes in Buleleng regency is Banjar village. Banjar known as one of tourism destination especially “Banjar hot spring tourist destination”. Along with the development of tourism that leads to the environment, Banjar village community especially grapes farmer tries to develop agritourism as one of the options supporting the tourist attraction in the Banjar district. Wineries have started to be developed as an alternative tourist destination in the village of Banjar through the development of agritourism. The vineyard land began to decrease because the yield did not match the care taken, besides that the price of grapes dropped and easily decomposed. Groups of grape farmers began to look for alternatives to process the excess yields of perishable grapes by processing the yields into traditional processed foods for consumption or use as for Balinese ceremonies. The products from grapes processing such as dodol (kind of sweet food mix with sugar), iwel (Balinesse traditional food made from sticky rice, sugar and grapes), crackers, raisins, grape seed coffee and grapes juice.</p> Ni Nyoman Sri Wisudawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-31 2019-08-31 3 2 294 301 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.336 Cooperative Principle Implementation between Teachers and Students <p style="text-align: justify;">This research aimed to explain the context of learning by applying the principles of cooperation during the teaching and learning process in the classroom, and the relationship of working principles between teachers and students. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach. The research subjects were Indonesian language teachers and students in <em>Tampaksiring</em> Senior High School 1. To gain data, the methods of recording, observation, and interview were applied. Data analysis was conducted with three stages of analysis, namely the stage of data collection, the stage of data verification, and the stage of drawing conclusions. The results showed that the application of the principle of cooperation was influenced by the context in the teaching and learning process, and was dominated by formal situations. In the principle of cooperation, the teacher and student are dominated by quantity maxim, quality maxim, relevance maxim, and manner maxim. It is concluded that by applying the principle of cooperation, especially in Indonesian learning, an atmosphere of effective and efficient teaching and learning will be built.</p> Dewa Ayu Widiasri Made Budiarsa I Nengah Sudipa Made Sri Satyawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-08-31 2019-08-31 3 2 302 308 10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.340