Psychological impact of COVID-19 on the sports population from Santiago


  • Milan Ochoa Chang Centro Provincial de Medicina Deportiva, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
  • Briseida Yusín Rivera Labaut Centro Provincial de Medicina Deportiva, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
  • Geidy Rodríguez March Centro Provincial de Medicina Deportiva, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba
  • Eloy Rafael Oliveros Serrano Centro Provincial de Medicina Deportiva, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba


COVID-19, economic and social order, population, psychological impact, sport


COVID-19 has caused great effects on the economic and social order of all the countries involved, it is recognized the great psychological impact that this terrible pandemic has brought with it in the general population. Athletes are not exempt from these effects, so the research was determined to evaluate such impacts on athletes from Santiago to implement psychological intervention actions that would minimize such consequences. The study was carried out in 926 athletes belonging to all sports categories and age groups, using three questionnaires and the thematic drawing technique. The surveyed athletes did not show great psychological effects; however, the most recurrent manifestations were tension, sadness, constant worry, fear and sleep disturbances. Action research was carried out in which immediate solutions were offered to the problems and demands diagnosed.


Download data is not yet available.


Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The lancet, 395(10227), 912-920.

Center for Sport and Human Rights. (2020). Overview of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children in sports. Under Coronavirus.

Costanza, R. (1999). The ecological, economic, and social importance of the oceans. Ecological economics, 31(2), 199-213.

Doherty, A. (2013). Investing in sport management: The value of good theory. Sport Management Review, 16(1), 5-11.

Gill, J. A., Norris, K., & Sutherland, W. J. (2001). Why behavioural responses may not reflect the population consequences of human disturbance. Biological Conservation, 97(2), 265-268.

Jaenes, J. C., García-González, P., González-López, J., Costa-Agudo, M., García-Ordóñez, J., & Mehrsafar, A. (2020). Is training a moderator of emotional reactions in confinement by COVID-19 in high-performance athletes?. Revista Andaluza de Medicina del Deporte, 13(3).

James, J. D. (2011). Attitude toward advertising through sport: A theoretical framework. Sport Management Review, 14(1), 33-41.

Kim, S. W., & Su, K. P. (2020). Using psychoneuroimmunity against COVID-19. Brain, behavior, and immunity, 87, 4-5.

Martínez, M. L., Intralawan, A., Vázquez, G., Pérez-Maqueo, O., Sutton, P., & Landgrave, R. (2007). The coasts of our world: Ecological, economic and social importance. Ecological economics, 63(2-3), 254-272.

McDuff, D., Iannone, V., Zimet, D. and Garvin, M. (2020). Youth Sports and the Covid-19 Pandemic.

Minds, Y. (2020). Coronavirus: impact on young people with mental health needs. Retrieved May, 21, 2020.

Montoya, C., González, L., Pulido, S., Atehortúa, L., & Robledo, S. M. (2020). Identification and quantification of limonoid aglycones content of Citrus seeds. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, 29, 710-714.

Navarro-Soria, I., Real-Fernández, M., Juárez-Ruíz de Mier, R., Costa-López, B., Sánchez, M., & Lavigne, R. (2021). Consequences of Confinement by COVID-19 in Spain on Anxiety, Sleep and Executive Functioning of Children and Adolescents with ADHD. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2487.

Piedra, J. (2020). Redes sociales en tiempos del COVID-19: el caso de la actividad física. Sociología del deporte, 1(1), 41-43.

Ramírez-Ortiz, J., Fontecha-Hernández, J., & Escobar-Córdoba, F. (2020). Effects of social isolation on sleep during the covid-19 pandemic.

Schuit, A. J., van Loon, A. J. M., Tijhuis, M., & Ocké, M. C. (2002). Clustering of lifestyle risk factors in a general adult population. Preventive medicine, 35(3), 219-224.

Solórzano, D. A. N., & Zambrano, S. V. P. (2020). The activities of rural women in home economy. International Journal of Life Sciences, 4(2), 1-8.

Sulistiawati, N. P. A., Kartini, L., & Yuliartini, M. S. (2017). Identification of development phases and changes shoots flowering orange siam plants. International Journal of Life Sciences, 1(2), 28-38.

Temsah, M. H., Al-Sohime, F., Alamro, N., Al-Eyadhy, A., Al-Hasan, K., Jamal, A., ... & Somily, A. M. (2020). The psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on health care workers in a MERS-CoV endemic country. Journal of infection and public health, 13(6), 877-882.

Tetro, J. A. (2020). Is COVID-19 receiving ADE from other coronaviruses?. Microbes and infection, 22(2), 72-73.

Véliz, A., Moreno, G., Villasana, P. (2020). Perception of Chilean athletes regarding the emotional effects of social distancing. Community and Health.

Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C. S., & Ho, R. C. (2020). Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(5), 1729.



How to Cite

Chang, M. O., Labaut, B. Y. R., March, G. R., & Serrano, E. R. O. (2021). Psychological impact of COVID-19 on the sports population from Santiago. International Journal of Life Sciences, 5(3), 140-147.



Research Articles