Legalization of land pawning at Balinese community customs in North Lombok

  • I Gusti Ayu Aditi Sekolah Tinggi Agama Hindu Negeri Gde Pudja Mataram, Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara
Keywords: agricultural land, Balinese community customs, customary law, land pawning, legalization

Abstract

This study aims to conduct a study of land pawning legalization, particularly regarding the basis and principles of pawning agricultural land in Balinese community customs in North Lombok. This phenomenon is related to the still implementation of the land pawning system under customary law, in the sense that the implementation still refers to the interests of people who have strong capital. This research is designed in a qualitative descriptive research type using a case study approach. The results of this study found that the Legal Basis and the principle of implementing agricultural land pawning refer to the national law which is imbued with customary law, namely with the characteristics of communalistic customary law, religious magic in dealing in agreement in words and actions. There are two kinds of land pawning, namely dead pawning, and life pawning. Dead pawning recognizes the time limit for land returning without a living pawning ransom. Living pawning does not recognize the minimum time limit that the mortgaged can do one harvest before it can be redeemed. Transactions carried out with legal assistance or testimony from the hamlet head or village head will be clear, guaranteed, or protected by law, especially against claims from third parties.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Achmad, A. (2009). Menguak Teori Hukum dan Teori Peradilan. Jakarta: Kencana.

Ali, D. A., Deininger, K., & Goldstein, M. (2014). Environmental and gender impacts of land tenure regularization in Africa: Pilot evidence from Rwanda. Journal of Development Economics, 110, 262-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdeveco.2013.12.009

Alting, H. (2010). Dinamika Hukum dalam Pengakuan dan Perlindungan Hak Masyarakat Hukum Adat Atas Tanah (masalalau, Masa Kini dan Masa Mendatang).

Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur penelitian suatu pendekatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Calderón, J. (2004). The formalisation of property in Peru 2001–2002: the case of Lima. Habitat International, 28(2), 289-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0197-3975(03)00072-9

Chen, J., & Wu, F. (2020). Housing and land financialization under the state ownership of land in China. Land Use Policy, 104844. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104844

Ding, C. (2003). Land policy reform in China: assessment and prospects. Land use policy, 20(2), 109-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0264-8377(02)00073-X

Ehrlich, E., & Rehbinder, M. (1967). Recht und Leben: gesammelte Schriften zur Rechtstatsachenforschung und zur Freirechtslehre. Schriftenreihe.

Harsono, B. (2008). Hukum Agraria Indonesia: Sejarah Pembentukan Undang-Undang Pokok Agraria, Isi dan Pelaksanaanya, Edisi Revisi, Cet. 12. Jakarta (ID): Djambatan.

Hasan, F. (Ed.). (1988). Dinamika Masyarakat dan Adat Minangkabau. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Pusat Penelitian Universitas Andalas.

Khuzaifah, E. (2019). Studi Tentang Dinding Penahan (Retaining Wall). Swara Patra, 9(1), 7-18.

Luers, A. L., Naylor, R. L., & Matson, P. A. (2006). A case study of land reform and coastal land transformation in southern Sonora, Mexico. Land Use Policy, 23(4), 436-447. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2005.04.002

Mochtar Naim (Ed.). (1968). Menggali hukum tanah dan hukum waris Minangkabau. Center for Minangkabau Studies Press.

Muhammad, B. (1995). Pokok-pokok hukum adat. Pradnya Paramita.

Mukti Fajar, N. D., & Achmad, Y. (2010). Dualisme Penelitian Hukum: Normatif & Empiris. Pustaka Pelajar.

Raharjo, S. (2000). Ilmu Hukum, Bandung. PT Citra Aditya Bakti.

Rony, H. S. (1998). Metode Penelitian Hukum dan Jurimetri.

Wallace, J., & Williamson, I. (2006). Building land markets. Land use policy, 23(2), 123-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2004.07.003

Windia, W. P., & Sudantra, K. (2006). Pengantar hukum adat bali. Lembaga Dokumentasi Dan Publikasi Fakultas Hukum Universitas Udayana, Denpasar.

Wirawan, I. W. A. (2018). Maintaining social relationship of Balinese and Sasak ethnic community. International journal of social sciences and humanities, 2(1), 92-104.

Yamin, M. (2004). Gadai Tanah Sebagai Lembaga Pembiayaan Rakyat Kecil.

Published
2020-08-31
How to Cite
Aditi, I. G. A. (2020). Legalization of land pawning at Balinese community customs in North Lombok. International Journal of Life Sciences, 4(2), 52-58. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijls.v4n2.439
Section
Research Articles