Understanding the success of digital application-based postgraduate student independent learning
A study of higher education management and technology
Keywords:college success, independent learning, postgraduate, application-based, understanding
An understanding of independent learning in universities that use technology-based learning is a critical study that must continue to be carried out. So, we have more than 100 further complications after the selection. We get 62 topics of discussion, which we then examine under a phenomenological approach to get relevant answers to problems such as successful learning in digital-based universities. In the study, we use data analysis, comprehensive data evaluation, and drawing valid conclusions in answering the final problem; after we have studied and discussed the results, we can conclude that from the books we have studied, on average, it is stated that the approach greatly assists independent learning among postgraduates with digital application-based learning. In other words, technology has made it easy for students to complete all their tasks and responsibilities while being postgraduate students, so the findings of this study are helpful in future studies of similar discussions.
Abdurrahman, D., Willison, J., & Sabir, F. (2017). International postgraduate students’ perception of the research skill development framework. Paper presented at the National Conference on Teachers' Professional Conference, 1 77-81.
Alrasheedi, M., Capretz, L. F., & Raza, A. (2015). A systematic review of the critical factors for the success of mobile learning in higher education (university students' perspective). Journal of Educational Computing Research, 52(2), 257-276.
Astra, I. K. B., & Artanayasa, I. W. (2017). Developing instructional material for sepak takraw playing technique course completed with smart audiovisual to improve competencies of the students of sport & health education department ganesha university of education. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 3(4), 66-76.
Azziz, R., Hentschke, G. C., Jacobs, L. A., & Jacobs, B. C. (2019). Strategic mergers in higher education Johns Hopkins University Press.
Bagheri, M., Ali, W. Z. W., Abdullah, M. C. B., & Daud, S. M. (2013). Effects of project-based learning strategy on self-directed learning skills of educational technology students. Contemporary Educational Technology, 4(1), 15-29.
Bahadir, E. (2016). Using a neural network and logistic regression analysis to predict prospective mathematics teachers' academic success upon entering graduate education. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice, 16(3), 943-964.
Bakar, M. A. A., & Ismail, N. (2020). Mathematical instructional: A conceptual redesign of active learning with metacognitive regulation strategy. International Journal of Instruction, 13(3), 633-648.
Bao, W. (2020). COVID‐19 and online teaching in higher education: A case study of Peking University. Human Behavior and Emerging Technologies, 2(2), 113-115.
Barclay, C., Donalds, C., & Osei-Bryson, K. (2018). Investigating critical success factors in online learning environments in higher education systems in the Caribbean. Information Technology for Development, 24(3), 582-611.
Bartel, A., & Hagel, G. (2014). Engaging students with a mobile game-based learning system in university education. Paper presented at the 2014 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON), 957-960.
Beckers, J., Dolmans, D., & Van Merriënboer, J. (2016). E-portfolios enhancing students' self-directed learning: A systematic review of influencing factors. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 32(2)
Bender, E. M., & Koller, A. (2020). Climbing towards NLU: On meaning, form, and understanding in the age of data. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 5185-5198.
Benson, P., & Voller, P. (2014). Autonomy and independence in language learning Routledge.
Bereiter, C., & Scardamalia, M. (2018). Intentional learning as a goal of instruction. Knowing, learning, and instruction (pp. 361-392) Routledge.
Boström, L., & Bostedt, G. (2020). What about study motivation? Students and teachers' perspectives on what affects study motivation. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(8), 40-59.
Broadbent, J., & Poon, W. L. (2015). Self-regulated learning strategies & academic achievement in online higher education learning environments: A systematic review. The Internet and Higher Education, 27, 1-13.
Cavus, N., & Kanbul, S. (2010). Designation of Web 2.0 tools expected by the students on technology-based learning environment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 5824-5829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.03.950
Chau, J., & Cheng, G. (2010). Towards understanding the potential of e-portfolios for independent learning: A qualitative study. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26(7).
Cheng, L., Ritzhaupt, A. D., & Antonenko, P. (2019). Effects of the flipped classroom instructional strategy on students’ learning outcomes: A meta-analysis. Educational Technology Research and Development, 67(4), 793-824.
Daar, G. F. (2020). Students' independent learning implementation during learning from the home period (a study at unika santu Paulus ruteng, Flores). Journal of Applied Studies in Language, 4(2), 313-320.
Davies, R. S., Dean, D. L., & Ball, N. (2013). Flipping the classroom and instructional technology integration in a college-level information systems spreadsheet course. Educational Technology Research and Development, 61(4), 563-580.
Day, C., Gu, Q., & Sammons, P. (2016). The impact of leadership on student outcomes: How successful school leaders use transformational and instructional strategies to make a difference. Educational administration quarterly, 52(2), 221-258.
Delen, E., Liew, J., & Willson, V. (2014). Effects of interactivity and instructional scaffolding on learning: Self-regulation in online video-based environments. Computers & Education, 78, 312-320.
Divayana, D. G. H., Suyasa, P. W. A., & Widiartini, N. K. (2021). An innovative model as evaluation model for information technology-based learning at ICT vocational schools. Heliyon, 7(2), e06347. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06347
Emaliana, I. (2017). Teacher-centered or student-centered learning approach to promote learning? Jurnal Sosial Humaniora (JSH), 10(2), 59-70.
Feild, C., Belgado, B., Dougherty, J., Doering, P., & Gong, Y. (2015). The use of application-based learning techniques in a college of pharmacy-based biostatistics course. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 7(5), 599-605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2015.06.021
Fernández-López, Á., Rodríguez-Fórtiz, M. J., Rodríguez-Almendros, M. L., & Martínez-Segura, M. J. (2013). Mobile learning technology based on iOS devices to support students with special education needs. Computers & Education, 61, 77-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2012.09.014
Findlay, A. M., King, R., Smith, F. M., Geddes, A., & Skeldon, R. (2012). World-class? An investigation of globalization, difference, and international student mobility. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 37(1), 118-131.
García Botero, G., Questier, F., & Zhu, C. (2019). Self-directed language learning in a mobile-assisted, out-of-class context: Do students walk the talk? Computer Assisted Language Learning, 32(1-2), 71-97.
Gentrup, S., Lorenz, G., Kristen, C., & Kogan, I. (2020). Self-fulfilling prophecies in the classroom: Teacher expectations, teacher feedback and student achievement. Learning and Instruction, 66, 101296.
Hénard, F., & Roseveare, D. (2012). Fostering quality teaching in higher education: Policies and practices. An IMHE Guide for Higher Education Institutions, 1(1), 7-11.
Hew, K. F., & Cheung, W. S. (2014). Students’ and instructors’ use of massive open online courses (MOOCs): Motivations and challenges. Educational Research Review, 12, 45-58.
Hockings, C., Thomas, L., Ottaway, J., & Jones, R. (2018). Independent learning–what we do when you are not there. Teaching in Higher Education, 23(2), 145-161.
Johnson, L., Becker, S. A., Cummins, M., Estrada, V., Freeman, A., & Hall, C. (2016). NMC horizon report: 2016 higher education edition The New Media Consortium.
Kenny, N., & Eaton, S. E. (2022). Academic integrity through a SoTL lens and 4M framework: An institutional self-study. Academic integrity in Canada (pp. 573-592) Springer, Cham.
Kessler, G., & Bikowski, D. (2010). Developing collaborative autonomous learning abilities in computer-mediated language learning: Attention to meaning among students in wiki space. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 23(1), 41-58.
Kholmuratovich, M. K., Mardanqulovich, A., Ravshanovich, J. R., Sharifovna, K. U., & Shodiyevna, B. O. (2020). Methodology of improving independent learning skills of future exemplary art teachers (on the example of still life in colorful paintings). International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(05)
Lee, K., Tsai, P., Chai, C. S., & Koh, J. H. L. (2014). Students' perceptions of self‐directed learning and collaborative learning with and without technology. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 30(5), 425-437.
Loderer, K., Pekrun, R., & Lester, J. C. (2020). Beyond cold technology: A systematic review and meta-analysis on emotions in technology-based learning environments. Learning and instruction, 70, 101162. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2018.08.002
Maba, W. (2017). The implementation of education national standard in the instrument of school accreditation of Bali province education authority. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT and Scientific Research, 3(4), 1-7.
Mahini, F., Forushan, Z. J. A., & Haghani, F. (2012). The importance of teacher's role in technology-based education. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 46, 1614-1618. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.348
McGrew, S., Breakstone, J., Ortega, T., Smith, M., & Wineburg, S. (2018). Can students evaluate online sources? Learning from assessments of civic online reasoning. Theory & Research in Social Education, 46(2), 165-193.
Milligan, S., Luo, R., Hassim, E., & Johnston, J. (2020). Future-proofing students: What they need to know and how to assess and credential them., Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne graduate school of education, the University of Melbourne: Melbourne. Dr. Rebekah Luo dr Rebekah Luo is a research fellow at the ARC who specializes in assessing complex competencies and general capabilities.
Misra, F., & Mazelfi, I. (2021). Long-distance online learning during a pandemic: The role of communication, group work, and self-directed learning in developing student's confidence. Paper presented at The 3rd International Conference on Educational Development and Quality Assurance (ICED-QA 2020), 225-234.
Mulyadi, M., Tonapa, S. I., Rompas, S. S. J., Wang, R. H., & Lee, B. O. (2021). Effects of simulation technology-based learning on nursing students' learning outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental studies. Nurse Education Today, 107, 105127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2021.105127
Nguyen, T. T., Nguyen, N. D., & Nahavandi, S. (2020). Deep reinforcement learning for multiagent systems: A review of challenges, solutions, and applications. IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, 50(9), 3826-3839.
Nurmala, I., Nadhiroh, S. R., Pramukti, I., Tyas, L. W., Zari, A. P., Griffiths, M. D., & Lin, C. Y. (2022). Reliability and validity study of the Indonesian Smartphone Application-Based Addiction Scale (SABAS) among college students. Heliyon, 8(8), e10403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10403
Papernot, N., Abadi, M., Erlingsson, U., Goodfellow, I., & Talwar, K. (2016). Semi-supervised knowledge transfer for deep learning from private training data. ArXiv Preprint arXiv:1610.05755,
Park, Y., & Jo, I. (2015). Development of the learning analytics dashboard to support students’ learning performance. Journal of Universal Computer Science, 21(1), 110.
Pham, L. T., & Dau, T. K. T. (2022). Online learning readiness and online learning system success in Vietnamese higher education. The International Journal of Information and Learning Technology.
Phillips, E., & Johnson, C. (2022). How to get a Ph.D., a handbook for students and their supervisors McGraw-Hill Education (UK).
Pithouse-Morgan, K. (2012). Towards academic generativity: Working collaboratively with visual artifacts for self-study and social change. South African Journal of Education, 32(4), 416-427.
Proskura, S. L., & Lytvynova, S. (2018). Organization of independent studying of future bachelors in computer science within higher education institutions of Ukraine. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on ICT in Education, Research and Industrial Applications. Integration, Harmonization, and Knowledge Transfer, 2104 348-358.
Qenani, E., MacDougall, N., & Sexton, C. (2014). An empirical study of self-perceived employability: Improving the prospects for student employment success in an uncertain environment. Active Learning in Higher Education, 15(3), 199-213.
Quinn, C. N. (2014). Revolutionize learning & development: Performance and innovation strategy for the information age John Wiley & Sons.
Rashidov, A., & Rasulov, T. (2020). The usage of foreign experience in practical organization of teaching activities in mathematics. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 9(4), 3068-3071.
Rosenshine, B. (2012). Principles of instruction: Research-based strategies that all teachers should know. American Educator, 36(1), 12.
Saraswati, G. P. D., Areni, G. K. D., & Anellysha, D. (2021). “Success is in your hand”: Digital literacy to support students’ autonomous learning in speaking class. Paper presented at the ELT Forum: Journal of English Language Teaching, 10(1) 70-78.
Sari, E. N., & Zamroni, Z. (2019). The impact of independent learning on students’ accounting learning outcomes at vocational high school. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 9(2), 141-150.
Sarrab, M., Al-Shihi, H., Al-Khanjari, Z., & Bourdoucen, H. (2018). Development of mobile learning application based on consideration of human factors in Oman. Technology in Society, 55, 183-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2018.07.004
Schinske, J. N., Balke, V. L., Bangera, M. G., Bonney, K. M., Brownell, S. E., Carter, R. S., . . . Fletcher, L. (2017). Broadening Participation in Biology Education Research: Engaging Community College Students and Faculty,
Schoonenboom, J. (2014). Using an adapted, task-level technology acceptance model to explain why instructors in higher education intend to use some learning management system tools more than others. Computers & Education, 71, 247-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2013.09.016
Shafi, M., Lei, Z., Song, X., & Sarker, M. N. I. (2020). The effects of transformational leadership on employee creativity: Moderating role of intrinsic motivation. Asia Pacific Management Review, 25(3), 166-176.
Sinaga, R. R. F., & Pustika, R. (2021). Exploring STUDENTS'ATTITUDE towards English online learning using moodle during COVID-19 pandemic at smk Radhika Bandar Lampung. Journal of English Language Teaching and Learning, 2(1), 8-15.
Snart, J. A. (2010). Hybrid learning: The perils and promise of blending online and face-to-face instruction in higher education: The perils and promise of blending online and face-to-face instruction in higher education ABC-CLIO.
Snead, L. O., & Freiberg, H. J. (2019). Rethinking student-teacher feedback: Using a self-assessment resource with student teachers. Journal of Teacher Education, 70(2), 155-168.
Sudarmo, M. S. N. (2021). The identification of online strategy learning results while students learn from home during the disruption of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Journal of Contemporary Issues in Business and Government| Vol, 27(2), 1951.
Susanty, L., Hartati, Z., Sholihin, R., Syahid, A., & Liriwati, F. Y. (2021). Why English teaching truth on digital trends as an effort for effective learning and evaluation: Opportunities and challenges: Analysis of teaching English. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S1), 303-316.
Tan, C. (2021). Mindful education: Insights from Confucian and Christian traditions Springer Nature.
Tilfarlioglu, F. Y., & Ciftci, F. S. (2011). Supporting self-efficacy and learner autonomy about academic success in EFL classrooms (A case study). Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 1(10)
Widjaja, G., & Aslan, A. (2022). Blended learning method in the view of learning and teaching strategy in geography study programs in higher education. Nazhruna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 5(1), 22-36.
Yot-Domínguez, C., & Marcelo, C. (2017). University students’ self-regulated learning using digital technologies. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 14(1), 1-18.
Zhu, M., Bonk, C. J., & Doo, M. Y. (2020). Self-directed learning in MOOCs: Exploring the relationships among motivation, self-monitoring, and self-management. Educational Technology Research and Development, 68(5), 2073-2093.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 International journal of social sciences and humanities
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (IJSSH) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IJSSH right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IJSSH can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IJSSH volumes 4 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.