Self-disclosure effect on cultural context of Papuan teenagers

  • Maryam B. Gainau Sekolah Tinggi Agama Kristen Negeri (STAKN) Papua, Indonesia
Keywords: culture, Papuan, quantitative, self-disclosure, teenagers

Abstract

Self-disclosure is revealed through various phenomena such as information on behavior, attitudes, feelings, desires, motivations, and ideas. Related to the statement, this study aims to analyze the relationship between self-disclosure to the culture of Papuan teenagers. The sample of the current study was teenager students of Middle School in Sentani, Papua- Indonesia. In the study, a random technique was applied in order to gain 183 students as the total sample. They were 20% of the 919 teenager students. The quantitative approach was applied to examine the instruments of validity and reliability, factor analysis, t-test, and correlation coefficient. The results have shown that from 78 statement items of self-disclosure, 64 statement items were declared valid while 14 others were not valid. For 85 items about culture, there were 68 valid statement items while 17 were invalid. The self-disclosure analysis of reliability was 0.823 while the culture analysis was 0.810. Furthermore, factor analysis has shown that from 64 items of self-disclosure statements, 60 items were stated to be fulfilled while 4 other items were not fulfilled. The results of the correlation coefficient were obtained at 86.5%. It is concluded that self-disclosure has a strong and significant effect on the culture of Papuan teenagers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agra, I. B., Gelgel, I. P., & Dharmika, I. B. (2018). Pressure on socio-cultural towards post-divorce Hindu women in Denpasar city. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(3), 63-78. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.191

Ardhana, I. K., & Wijaya, I. N. (2017). Indian influences on Balinese culture: the role of Hinduism and Buddhism in present day Bali. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 4(1), 88-105.

Barnlund, D. C. (1979). Public and private self in Japan and the United States. ????????.

Barnlund, D. C., & Yoshioka, M. (1990). Apologies: Japanese and American styles. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14(2), 193-206. https://doi.org/10.1016/0147-1767(90)90005-H

Brehm, S. S. (1992). Intimate relationships. Mcgraw-Hill Book Company.

Buhrmester, D. (1998). Need fulfillment, interpersonal competence, and the developmental contexts of early adolescent friendship.

Calhoun, J. F., & Acocella, J. R. (1990). Psikologi tentang penyesuaian dan hubungan kemanusiaan (edisi ketiga). Satmoko, RS (Penerjemah) New York: McGraw–Hill.

Calhoun, L. G., & Tedeschi, R. G. (2014). The foundations of posttraumatic growth: An expanded framework. In Handbook of posttraumatic growth (pp. 17-37). Routledge.

Celasun, D. (2019). Adolescents’ self-disclosure to mother: links to attachment anxiety, avoidance and perceived parenting style of the mother (Doctoral dissertation, ?stanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi).

Chelune, G. J., & Figueroa, J. L. (1981). Self?disclosure flexibility, neuroticism, and effective interpersonal communication. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 45(1), 27-37. https://doi.org/10.1080/10570318109374026

Chen, G. M. (1995). Differences in self-disclosure patterns among Americans versus Chinese: A comparative study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 26(1), 84-91. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0022022195261006

Corey, G. (2015). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy. Nelson Education.

Cunningham, J. D. (1981). Self-disclosure intimacy: Sex, sex-of-target, cross-national, and" generational" differences. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 7(2), 314-319. https://doi.org/10.1177/014616728172021

Davis, M. H. (2018). Empathy: A social psychological approach. Routledge.

Devito, J. A., Clark, D., & Shimoni, R. (2001). Messages: Building interpersonal communication skills. Addison Wesley Longman.

Gainau, M. B. (2009). Pengembangan inventori self disclosure bagi siswa usia sekolah menengah atas. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Negeri Malang, 15(3).

Garna, Y. K. (2008). Budaya Sunda: melintasi waktu menantang masa depan. Lembaga Penelitian Unpad dan Judistira Garna Foundation.

Gelfand, M. J., Spurlock, D., Sniezek, J. A., & Shao, L. (2000). Culture and social prediction: The role of information in enhancing confidence in social predictions in the United States and China. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 31(4), 498-516. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022100031004004

Hamidy, U. U. (2004). Jagad Melayu dalam lintasan budaya di Riau. Bilik Kreatif Press.

Henry, J. P. (1963). Circulatory basis of fluid volume control. Physiological Reviews, 43(3), 423-481.

Heraty, J. M., & Barber, K. N. (1990). Biology of Obeza floridana (Ashmead) and Pseudochalcura gibbosa (Provancher)(Hymenoptera: Eucharitidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 92(2), 248-258.

Heraty, T. (2009). Jauh dan Dekat Antar Manusia. Manusia: teka-teki yang mencari solusi: hommage untuk Prof. Dr. M. Sastrapratedja, 141.

Horton, P. B., & Hunt, C. L. (1996). Sosiologi (terjemahan Aminudi Ram dan Tita Sobari). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Jourard, S. M. (1958). Personality adjustment: An approach through the study of healthy personality. Macmillan.

Jourard, S. M. (1971). Self-disclosure. An Experimental Analysis of the Transparent Self.

Jourard, S. M., & Jourard, S. M. (1971). The transparent self(pp. 133-152). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Jourard, S. M., & Lasakow, P. (1958). Some factors in self-disclosure. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 56(1), 91.

Jourard, S. M., & Richman, P. (1963). Factors in the self-disclosure inputs of college students. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly of Behavior and Development, 9(2), 141-148.

Kellam, J. F., Meinberg, E. G., Agel, J., Karam, M. D., & Roberts, C. S. (2018). Introduction: fracture and dislocation classification compendium—2018international comprehensive classification of fractures and dislocations committee. Journal of orthopaedic trauma, 32, S1-S10.

Kellam, S. G., Brown, C. H., Rubin, B. R., Ensminger, M. E., Guze, S. B., Earls, F. J., & Barrett, J. E. (1983). Childhood psychopathology and development.

Kellam, S. G., Brown, C. H., Rubin, B. R., Ensminger, M. E., Guze, S. B., Earls, F. J., & Barrett, J. E. (1983). Childhood psychopathology and development.

Koentjaraningrat, K. (1985). Mentalitas dan Pembangunan. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Koentjaraningrat, R. M. (1979). Javanese magic, sorcery and numerology. Masyarakat Indonesia, 6(1), 37-52.

Koentjaraningrat. (1994). Irian Jaya: membangun masyarakat majemuk (Vol. 5). Djambatan.

Korry, P. D. P., & Suartini, N. W. (2019). Hedonism and culture toward impact of shopping behavior. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(1), 125-133. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v3n1.260

Larasati, B. (1992). Komunikasi Efektif. Makalah disampaikan dalam Pelatihan Public Relation yang dilaksanakan Lembaga Pendidikan Abisheka Yogyakarta.

Liu, X. (2018). International communication of intangible cultural heritage in central plains: a case study of Chinese Wushu. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(3), 196-204. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.238

Loiacono, E. T. (2015). Self-disclosure behavior on social networking web sites. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 19(2), 66-94.

Ludwig, D., Franco, J. N., & Malloy, T. E. (1986). Effects of reciprocity and self-monitoring on self-disclosure with a new acquaintance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,50(6), 1077. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.50.6.1077

Lumsden, A., & Krumlauf, R. (1996). Patterning the vertebrate neuraxis. Science, 274(5290), 1109-1115. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.274.5290.1109

Michael, R. D., Webster, C. A., Egan, C. A., Stewart, G., Nilges, L., Brian, A., ... & Vazou, S. (2018). Viability of university service learning to support movement integration in elementary classrooms: Perspectives of teachers, university students, and course instructors. Teaching and Teacher Education, 72, 122-132.

Morgan, A. L. (2013). Cultural orientation and privacy management: an examination of intra-ethnic same-sex friendships (Doctoral dissertation, San Diego State University). http://hdl.handle.net/10211.10/4793

Myers, D. (2006). Surfactant science and technology. John Wiley & Sons.

Nugroho, M. A. (2016). Urgensi dan Signifikansi Pendidikan Islam Multikultural Terhadap Kompleksitas Keberagamaan di Indonesia. ATTARBIYAH: Journal of Islamic Culture and Education, 1(2), 179-210.

Perillo, J. M. (2000). The origins of the objective theory of contract formation and interpretation. Fordham L. Rev., 69, 427.

Seralurin, Y. C., & Yendra, -. (2019). The intensity of stock selection: A case of young Papuan investors. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(1), 171-178. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v3n1.262

Shane-Simpson, C., Manago, A., Gaggi, N., & Gillespie-Lynch, K. (2018). Why do college students prefer Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram? Site affordances, tensions between privacy and self-expression, and implications for social capital. Computers in Human Behavior, 86, 276-288.

Sue & Sue (1990

Sue, D. W. (1990). Culture-specific strategies in counseling: A conceptual framework. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 21(6), 424.

Sumaatmadja, N. (2000). Manusia dalam konteks sosial budaya dan lingkungan hidup. Bandung. Alfabeta.

Suparlan, P. (2003). Bhinneka Tunggal Ika: Keanekaragaman Sukubangsa atau Kebudayaan. Jurnal Antropologi Indonesia. 72(1), hlm. 29.

Suseno, F. M., & Reksosusilo, S. (1983). Etika Jawa dalam Tantangan. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Yayasan Kanisius.

Taylor, H. F. (1997). Cement chemistry. Thomas Telford.

Taylor, P. J., Catalano, G., & Walker, D. R. (2002). Measurement of the world city network. Urban Studies, 39(13), 2367-2376.

Triandis, H. C. (1994). Culture and social behavior.

Vockell, E. L. (1983). Educational research. MacMillan Publishing Company.

Volz, B., Valverde, K. D., & Robbins, S. J. (2019). Effects of Genetic Counselor Self?Disclosure: an Experimental Analog Study. Journal of genetic counseling, 28(1), 18-26. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10897-018-0283-z

Won-Doornink, M. J. (1985). Self-disclosure and reciprocity in conversation: A cross-national study. Social Psychology Quarterly, 97-107.

Published
2019-07-03
How to Cite
Gainau, M. B. (2019). Self-disclosure effect on cultural context of Papuan teenagers. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(2), 62-70. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.293
Section
Articles