Culturological ideas of teaching a foreign language: concepts and theories (the end of 20th – at the beginning of the 21st century)
Keywords:cultural idea, foreign language, intercultural communication, language education, socio-cultural approach
The rapidly expanding international cooperation in the late 20th - early 21st centuries raised the question of foreign language learning as well as cultural understanding. Without these essential aspects, intercultural communication cannot be efficient. The high interest in foreign language learning contributed to the search for the most effective ways of teaching it. The concepts and theories appeared at the turn of two centuries in Russia, remaining relevant today. They became the essential basis for further research on foreign language teaching in the framework of the dialogue of cultures. The cultural idea is focused on learning both the Language and culture. Safonova (1993), developed a socio-cultural approach to teaching a foreign language as a specialty. She has proved the necessity of integration of the culture of the country being studied into the educational process. ? methodical model of foreign language teaching was proposed as a basis for developing the bicultural personality of students.
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