Choosing appropriate forms, methods, and study aids
The article represented the problem of choice and application of pedagogically valid forms, means, and methods of education. The ability to choose enables a teacher to take the initiative, develop and adopt a curriculum, teaching, and upbringing methods within the framework of an academic subject, a course, or a discipline. It ensures teaching the subject at a high professional level, following the approved curriculum, application of pedagogically valid and proper forms, and educational methods. The author analyzed the sequence of methods and techniques combinations in the course of making a choice, which is based on understanding their applicability in the educational process. The authors outlined the possibilities of using the problem study method to form the activity of a child's personality. A comparative analysis of teaching methods was presented, and the main criteria for their selection were given. The methods capabilities were assessed, using the approach of the students' educational skills in choosing instructional methods, including a preliminary study of the willingness level for search and research activities. The combination of techniques allows us to take into account the specifics of the content of the educational material and helps students reveal their educational and cognitive abilities.
Babansky, Yu. K. (1981) Vyibor metodov obucheniya v vuze (In Russian) [The choice of teaching methods in high school] Moscow.
Kalmykova, Z. I. (1975). Obuchaemost’i printsipy postroeniya ee diagnostiki [The ability to learn and the principles of its diagnostics]. Problemy diagnostiki umstvennogo razvitiya uchashchikhsya [The problems of cognitive development diagnostics]. Moscow: Pedagogika, 10-38.
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Shchukina, D. I. (1981) Problema poznavatelnogo interesa v pedagogike (In Russian) [The problem of cognitive interest in pedagogy] Moscow.
Zankov, L. V. (1990). Izbrannye pedagogicheskie trudy. Pedagogika.
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