Susceptibility to landslides in Los Angeles campus: Southern State University of Manabi

  • Arturo Andres Hernandez Escobar Ph.D. in Pedagogical Sciences Universidad Estatal del sur de Manabi, (UNESUM), Jipijapa, Manabi, Ecuador
  • Luis Gerardo Sandoval Santos Environmental Engineer, Universidad Estatal del sur de Manabi, (UNESUM), Jipijapa, Manabi, Ecuador
  • Carlos Gustavo Villacreses Viteri MsC. Head, Dean and Associate Professor, Faculty of Sciences, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, Universidad Tecnica de Manabi, Portoviejo, Ecuador
  • Maria Rodriguez Gamez Ph.D. Strategies and Planning of the territory, Universidad Tecnica de Manabi, Portoviejo, Ecuador
  • Yamel de las Mercedes Alvarez Gutiérrez MsC. Environmental Administration, Universidad Estatal del Sur de Manabi, (UNESUM), Jipijapa, Manabi, Ecuador
Keywords: geographic information systems, lithodemic units, sliding, susceptibility, winter season

Abstract

This research is of the correlational - explanatory type, based on the heuristic method, applying the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) as a tool, to obtain thematic maps and final susceptibility, considering its fundamental objective the evaluation of the areas susceptible to landslides. Through the spatial zoning of the "Los Angeles" campus of the "Southern State University of Manabí". The analysis of the variables of the conditioning factors, allowed recognizing three categories of susceptibility in the Los Angeles campus (High, Medium and Low), where lithological units converge as sandy clay, clay, and silts tone, steep slopes (over 50°), cuts of slopes devoid of some kind of protection, deforested and highly eroded soils. This implies that there is a likelihood of new affectations, which is why local risk management plans must be developed.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alfredo, G. (2011). Study of the environmental impacts of the potable water distribution system of the city of Jipijapa: Manabí, Ecuador.

Brabb, E. E. (1989). Landslides: Extent and economic significance in the United States. In 28th International Geological Congress Symposium on Landslides (pp. 25-50).

Carrara, A., Cardinali, M., Detti, R., Guzzetti, F., Pasqui, V., & Reichenbach, P. (1991). GIS techniques and statistical models in evaluating landslide hazard. Earth surface processes and landforms, 16(5), 427-445. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3290160505

Corominas, J., & García Yagüe, A. (1997, November). Terminología de los movimientos de ladera. In IV Simposio nacional sobre taludes y laderas inestables. Granada (Vol. 3, pp. 1051-1072).

Corominas, J., & Moya, J. (2008). A review of assessing landslide frequency for hazard zoning purposes. Engineering geology, 102(3-4), 193-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2008.03.018

INAMHI. (2018). Books, A. M. National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (in Bulgarian).

Ivañez, I., Santiuste, C., & Sanchez-Saez, S. (2010). FEM analysis of dynamic flexural behaviour of composite sandwich beams with foam core. Composite Structures, 92(9), 2285-2291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.07.018

Meza, A. K. T., Freyre, J. R. A., Cevallos, M. G. O., & Pico, M. J. M. (2018). Autonomy, Good Humor and Support Networks, Potential of Community Resilience Intervention in People Victims of the Earthquake in the Calderón Parish. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 5(1), 1-8.

PD and OT. (2015). Plan for the development and territorial organization of the Jipijapa canton of 2015. p.121. Biophysical component.

PD and OT. (2017). Development and territorial ordering plan. the Jipijapa canton.

Sarkar, S., & Kanungo, D. P. (2004). An integrated approach for landslide susceptibility mapping using remote sensing and GIS. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 70(5), 617-625. https://doi.org/10.14358/PERS.70.5.617

Suárez, J. D. (1998). Landslides and slope stability in tropical zones. Bucaramanga, Colômbia: Instituto de Investigaciones sobre Erosion y Deslizamientos.

Vanessa, M. (2011). System of indicators to evaluate the environmental impact of anthropogenic activity. The Carrizal-Chone watershed.

Published
2019-01-08
How to Cite
Escobar, A. A. H., Santos, L. G. S., Viteri, C. G. V., Gamez, M. R., & Gutiérrez, Y. de las M. A. (2019). Susceptibility to landslides in Los Angeles campus: Southern State University of Manabi. International Journal of Life Sciences, 3(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijls.v3n1.240
Section
Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)