Pemaliq in forest and mountain of sasak community
This short writing aims at revealing the meaning and values of pemaliq expressions that can be applied in managing and controlling life. As an effort to uncover the meaning and value of pemaliq, this study employed anthropological linguistic theory grounded in the view that pemaliq is a cultural source and as a practice of speaking. To collect the data needed, this study applied observation method to the participants of this study and in-depth interview. The data gathered were then analysed by applying ethnographic methods namely domain analysis, taxonomic analysis, component analysis, and analysis of cultural themes. The results of the analysis show that pemaliq is practiced by the Sasak Bayan community in North Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia in the forest and mountain environment, namely pemaliq in the realm of the okat 'words or spoken' and pemaliq in the realm of pegawean 'action'. Pemaliq okat 'word or spoken' is shown in the form of the phrase menggoaq bangsa “mentioning caste” and ngaranin sesato ‘naming animals’. Meanwhile, pemaliq pegawean 'action' is realized in the form of phrases and words those are merebang kayuq ‘cutting down trees’, membait kayuq ‘taking the woods’ and nyelonong ‘without permission. The production and the use of these pemaliq represent values that can be applied in human life such as (1) respect; (2) alert; (3) polite; (4) humble; (5) tolerant; (6) responsible; (7) not greedy; (8) care of the environment; (9) awareness; (10) wisdom; (11) critical knowledge; and (12) thankful.
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