Incidence and outcome of mucormycosis in diabetic patients with COVID-19
Keywords:mucormycosis, diabetes, COVID-19, fungal infection
Aims and objectives: Diabetes Mellitus predisposes patients to invasive fungal infections. Aim of this study is to find out the incidence and outcome of Mucormycosis in diabetic patients with COVID-19. Materials and Methodology: A Retrospective study of 150 patients with COVID-19 who were admitted in VMKVMCH COVID-19 Ward, Salem from May 2021 to July 2021 was included in the study. Results: Among 150 hospitalized patients with COVID 19 infection, 32 patients had CAM with an incidence of 3.36%. In patients with CAM, 87.5% had Diabetes Mellitus as the most common co-morbidity. The majority of the patients had poor glycemic control with a mean HbA1c of 9.06%. Out of the total study population, 93% had prior exposure to high dose corticosteroids. During the study period, 12.5% patients of CAM did not survive. Conclusion: Mucormycosis is an angioinvasive fungal infection with high mortality. The disease has surged in COVID 19 pandemic due to uncontrolled diabetes and improper corticosteroid use.
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