Individual and social environmental factor as risk factor of BMI-for-age in school children


  • Anak Agung Ngurah Kusumajaya Department of Nutrition, Polytechnic of Health Denpasar Bali, Indonesia


BMI-for-age, body dissatisfaction, body image, obesity, school children


The purpose of the study was to determine the risk factor of body weight status in school children.  This is a cross-sectional study using 266 samples of 10-12 years old. Samples were chosen using a multi-stage sampling approach. Individual factors including age, sex, dissatisfaction with body shape, eating disorder, and social environmental factors such as parental and peer judgments were collected and analyzed as a risk factor of BMI-for-age. The prevalence of overweight and obesity (36.9%) was higher than the prevalence of severe thinness and thinness (4.9%). Individual characteristics of sex (p=0.014), body shape dissatisfaction (p=0.001), and eating disorders (p=0.001) were substantially linked with body mass index (BMI)-for-age in bivariate analysis. In multiple linear regression analysis, dissatisfaction of body shape (?=0.908), with sex (boys) (?=-0.459), with the age of samples (young) (?=-0.250), and with mother’s comment (?=0.022) significantly explained a total of 57.8% of the variances in BMI-for-age of the samples (F = 89.450; p<0.05). The aforementioned findings highlighted the need of including individual characteristics such as age, sex, and body shape dissatisfaction, as well as a social-environmental element such as a mother's comment, in an obesity prevention intervention program for school-aged children.


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How to Cite

Kusumajaya, A. A. N. (2021). Individual and social environmental factor as risk factor of BMI-for-age in school children. International Journal of Health Sciences, 5(2), 89-98.



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