Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 infection in the Tiaret region (Algeria)


  • Soudani Leila University Ibn Khaldoun, Tiaret, Algeria
  • Chafaa Meriem University Ibn Khaldoun, Tiaret, Algeria
  • Benabdelkrim Souad National Institute of Higher Paramedical Training of Tiaret, Algeria
  • Houcine Rekaia Local Public Health Etablishment of Tiaret, Algeria


Algeria, COVID-19, ethnobotanical survey, medicinal plants, Tiaret


The Corona Virus disease has spread widely over the world with a high mortality rate. This spread has prompted people to look for other ways to treator minimize the negative impact of this out break. During the pandemic, the Algerian population used medicinal plants for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. The present work was carried out to identify the medicinal plants used during COVID-19 by the population of Tiaret region (Algeria). An ethnobotanical survey was conducted to collect data on the medicinal plants used, including the socio demographic parameters of the users and floristic characteristics of the plants. Information was obtained from 428 participants, of which 67.05% were women, aged between 16 and 88 years old. Most plant users were between 41 and 64 years old. The majority of participants have a high level of education (55.14% university and 20.32% secondary). Quantitative indices, namely, Frequency of Citation (FC), Relative Frequency of Citation (RFC) and Family Importance Value (FIV) were used to analyze the data. 27 species of medicinal plants belonging to 15 botanical families used during the COVID - 19 pandemic in our region. The most used species were Syzygium aromaticum, Zingiber officinale, Citrus limon and Aloysia citriodora.


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How to Cite

Leila, S., Meriem, C., Souad, B., & Rekaia, H. (2024). Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 infection in the Tiaret region (Algeria). International Journal of Health Sciences, 8(1), 10–26.



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