Identification of risk factors associated with road traffic accident in hilly road segment using accident severity model
Keywords:road traffic accidents, black spots, hilly road segment, severity analysis
Every year, 1.2 million people die as a result of road traffic accidents (RTA). Following ischemic heart disease and depression as the leading causes of death, RTA will become the third leading cause of death worldwide. The first RTA instance was documented in 1896 . The term "black spot location" refers to an area where the number of traffic accidents is higher. The most prevalent assumption for a black spot site is that there should be any environmental or physical concerns on the road that are causing accidents to occur repeatedly. Our study was conducted in two districts of the Northern Region of India (Uttarakhand). The data were collected on various factors such as weather, accident type, severity levels, road geometry such as the number of curves, segment length, Annual Average Daily Traffic etc. The present study was an attempt to find out the risk factor for road traffic accident in the identified blackspots in the areas of Dehradun and Haridwar. Roadside features were found to significantly affect the severity of run-off-roadway accidents including the presence of bridges, cut-type slopes, ditches and culverts, fences, tree groups, sign supports, utility poles, and isolated trees, and guardrails.
Christopher JL Murray, Alan D Lopez., editors. Boston: Harvard School of Public Health; 1996. The global burden of disease: a comprehensive assessment of mortality and disability from diseases, injuries, and risk factors in 1990 and projectedin2020.
S. F. Jafri, “An effective and way forward approach for road safety acquisition of knowledge— Correlative study for pakistan,” Engineering Journal, vol. 17, pp. 41–48, 2013. doi:10.4186/ej.2013.17.1.41
Kishor R. &Gnanamurthy P B. Identification and Improvements of Blackspots on a Stretch of SH-57 between Hassan and Holenarasipura”- A Case Study, International Journal of Advance Research in Engineering, Science & Technology (IJAREST) Volume 4, Issue 9 September 2017, e-ISSN: 2393-9877, print-ISSN:2394-2444.
Nantulya VM, Reich MR. The neglected epidemic: Road traffic injuries in developing countries. [Last cited 2011 June 27];BMJ. 2002 324:1139–4.
Saffer, H., and M. Grossman. Beer Taxes, the Legal Drinking Age, and Youth Motor Vehicle Fatalities. Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 16, 1987, pp. 351-374.
Chaloupka, F., et al. Alcohol Control Policies and Motor Vehicle Fatalities. Working Paper 3831, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc., 1991.
McCarthy, P. The Effect of Higher Rural Interstate Speed Limits on Alcohol-Related Accidents. Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 11, 1993, pp. 281-299
National Safety Council. Manual of Classification of Motor Vehicle Traffic Accidents. 5th edition, 1989.
9.R. Elvik, “New approach to accident analysis for hazardous road locations,” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, no. 1953, pp.50–55,2006
Sorensen, M.; Elvik, R. Black Spot Management and Safety Analysis of Road Networks; Institute of Transport Economics: Washington DC, USA, 2007.
Kowtanapanich W.Black Spot Identification Methods in Thailand. Faculty of Civil Engineering, Mahasarakam University 2006:126-134.
H. H. Nguyen, P. Taneerananon, C. Koren, and P. Iamtrakul, “Safety-potential-based black spot safety management approach: A case study in Ho Chi Minh City,” Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, vol. 10, pp.1991–2009,2013.
H. H. Nguyen, P. Taneerananon, C. Koren, and P. Iamtrakul. Safety-potential-based black spot .fety management approach: A case study in Ho Chi Minh City. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, vol. 10, 2013; 1991–2009.
Bobade SU, Patil JR, Sorate RR.Identification of Accidental Black Spots on National Highways and Expressways. International Journal of Research in Advent Technology February 2015:82-85.
D. R. D. Mcguigan, “The use of relationship between road accidents and traffic flow in ‘black-spot’ identification,” Traffic Engineering and Control, pp. 448–453,1981.
D. R. D. Mcguigan, “Non-junction accident rates and their use in ‘black-spot’ identification,” Traffic Engineering and Control, pp.60–65,1982.
Hauer E (1992) Empirical Bayes approach to the estimation of ‘‘unsafety’’: the multivariate regression method. Accid Anal Prev 24(5):457–477
Evans, Leonard (1990) The fraction of traffic fatalities attributable to alcohol, Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 22, No. 6, 587-602.
Lloyd, Chris J. (1992) Alcohol and fatal road accidents: Estimates of risk in Australia 1983, Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 24, No. 4, 339-348.
Holubowycz, Oksana T., Craig N. Kloeden and A. Jack McLean (1994) Age, sex, and blood alcohol concentration of killed and injured drivers, riders, and passengers, Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 26, No. 4, 483-492.
Kim, Karl, Lawrence Nitz, James Richardson and Lei Li (1995) Analyzing the relationship between crash types and injuries in motor vehicle collisions in Hawaii, Transportation Research Record 1467, 9-13.
Council, Forrest M. and J. Richard Stewart (1996) Severity indexes for roadside objects, Transportation Research Record 1528, 87-96.
Shankar, Venkataraman, Fred L. Mannering and Woodrow Barfield (1996) Statistical analysis of accident severity in rural highways, Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 28, No. 3, 391-401.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 International journal of health sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the International Journal of Health Sciences (IJHS) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IJHS right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IJHS can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IJHS volumes 4 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.