Effect of improvement on work attitudes and work environment on decreasing occupational pain

  • I Ketut Widana Mechanical Engineering Department, Bali State Polytechnic, Badung, Indonesia
  • Ni Wayan Sumetri Business Administration Department, Bali State Polytechnic, Badung, Indonesia
  • I Ketut Sutapa Civil Engineering Department, Bali State Polytechnic, Badung, Indonesia
Keywords: Environment, Ergo, Fatigue, Mechanical, Musculoskeletal


This research is an observation conducted on the health aspects of the work of carving artists, especially ergo-mechanical implementation to reduce subjective complaints. Ergo-mechanical is a set of equipment to maintain working environment conditions to remain within the required limits, so that the carving artist remains in a safe and comfortable condition. This study begins with direct observation of the process of carving handicrafts in several centers of carving crafts in Badung, Tabanan and Gianyar Districts. In accordance with the Bali State Polytechnic research master plan, problem solving will focus on human aspects and the use of appropriate technology. This research method is experimental with the design of the same subject, involving 9 samples that carried out activities before and after treatment. Data on environmental conditions, fatigue and musculoskeletal complaints are processed with statistics at a significance level of 5%. The results showed that with ergo-mechanical implementation and ergonomic work stations, occupational health indicators such as musculoskeletal disorders and fatigue showed better data, characterized by decreased musculoskeletal disorders and reduced fatigue.


Download data is not yet available.


Alamgir, H., Li, O. W., Yu, S., Gorman, E., Fast, C., & Kidd, C. (2009). Evaluation of ceiling lifts: transfer time, patient comfort and staff perceptions. Injury, 40(9), 987-992. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2008.12.002

Borg, G. (1990). Psychophysical scaling with applications in physical work and the perception of exertion. Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 55-58. https://www.jstor.org/stable/40965845?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Bubb, H. (2006). A consideration of the nature of work and the consequences for the human-oriented design of production and products. Applied ergonomics, 37(4), 401-407. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2006.04.004

Carrivick, P. J., Lee, A. H., & Yau, K. K. (2002). Effectiveness of a participatory workplace risk assessment team in reducing the risk and severity of musculoskeletal injury. Journal of Occupational Health, 44(4), 221-225. https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/joh/44/4/44_4_221/_article/-char/ja/

Caverley, N. (2005). Civil service resiliency and coping. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 18(5), 401-413. https://doi.org/10.1108/09513550510608868

Chaffin, D. B. (1974). Human strength capability and low-back pain. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 16(4), 248-254. https://journals.lww.com/joem/Citation/1974/04000/Human_Strength_Capability_and_Low_Back_Pain.4.aspx

Chan, A. D., & Fishbein, J. (2009). A global engineer for the global community. The Journal of Policy Engagement, 1(2), 4-9. http://globalengineeringinitiative.com/wp-content/uploads/A-global-engineer-for-the-global-community.pdf

Chandna, P., Deswal, S., & Chandra, A. (2010). An anthropometric survey of industrial workers of the northern region of India. International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, 6(1), 110-128. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Arunesh_Chandra/publication/

Christensen, E. H., Hedman, R., & Saltin, B. (1960). Intermittent and continuous running (A further contribution to the physiology of intermittent work.). Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 50(3?4), 269-286. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1960.tb00181.x

Chung, M. K., & Choi, K. (1997). Ergonomic analysis of musculoskeletal discomforts among conversational VDT operators. Computers & industrial engineering, 33(3-4), 521-524. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0360-8352(97)00183-6

Dul, J., & Weerdmeester, B. (2003). Ergonomics for beginners: a quick reference guide. CRC press. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/9781135734886

Dutta, T., Holliday, P. J., Gorski, S. M., Baharvandy, M. S., & Fernie, G. R. (2012). A biomechanical assessment of floor and overhead lifts using one or two caregivers for patient transfers. Applied ergonomics, 43(3), 521-531. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2011.08.006

Epstein, Y., & Moran, D. S. (2006). Thermal comfort and the heat stress indices. Industrial health, 44(3), 388-398. https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/indhealth/44/3/44_3_388/_article/-char/ja/

Erensal, Y. C., & Albayrak, E. (2007). The impact of micro?and macroergonomics considerations on appropriate technology transfer decisions in developing countries: The case of Turkey. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 17(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1002/hfm.20063

Gilad, I., & Elnekave, M. (2013). Ergonomics improvements for the human operator—Cost effectiveness approach. Human Work Productivity: A Global Perspective, 1. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=VRgbAAAAQBAJ&oi

Grandjean, E. (1988). Fitting the Task to the Man, a textbook of Occupational Ergonomic.

Habibi, E., & Soury, S. (2015). The effect of three ergonomics interventions on body posture and musculoskeletal disorders among stuff of Isfahan Province Gas Company. Journal of education and health promotion, 4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4579772/

Helander, M. (1995). A Guide to the Ergonomics of ManufacturingTaylor & Francis.

Hignett, S., Wilson, J. R., & Morris, W. (2005). Finding ergonomic solutions—participatory approaches. Occupational Medicine, 55(3), 200-207. https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqi084

Hignett, S., Wilson, J. R., & Morris, W. (2005). Finding ergonomic solutions—participatory approaches. Occupational Medicine, 55(3), 200-207. https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqi084

McCann, M. (1996). Hazards in cottage industries in developing countries. American journal of industrial medicine, 30(2), 125-129. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/(SICI)1097-0274(199608)30:2%3C125::AID-AJIM2%3E3.0.CO;2-%23

Mitchell-Ketzes, S. (2003). Optimising business performance through innovative workplace strategies. Journal of Facilities Management, 2(3), 258-275. https://doi.org/10.1108/14725960410808249

Nishanth, R., Muthukumar, M. V., & Arivanantham, A. (2015). Ergonomic workplace evaluation for assessing occupational risks in multistage pump assembly. International Journal of Computer Applications, 113(9). https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7a14/1dc09933b40e8b31f226f232da2d07f3a2f6.pdf

Pandit, S., Kumar, P., & Chakrabarti, D. (2013). Ergonomic problems prevalent in handloom units of North East India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(1), 1-7. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/07f6/f075c4ced28281e36231be7d0a7f1b7bd951.pdf#page=8

Parasuraman, A., Zeithaml, V. A., & Berry, L. L. (1988). Servqual: A multiple-item scale for measuring consumer perc. Journal of retailing, 64(1), 12. https://search.proquest.com/openview/7d007e04d78261295e5524f15bef6837/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=41988

Pheasant, S. (1991). Ergonomics, work and health. Macmillan International Higher Education. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=QEhdDwAAQBAJ&oi

Sakurai, M., Orito, K., Tsukahara, N., Yamazaki, Y., Sakata, M., & Yamamoto, S. (2012, April). Age-related changes of posture for pulling exercises in lower position. In Ergonomics in Asia: Development, Opportunities and Challenges: Proceedings of the 2nd East Asian Ergonomics Federation Symposium (EAEFS 2011), National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, 4-8 October 2011 (p. 67). CRC Press. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=en&lr=&id=cUfLBQAAQBAJ&oi

Widana, I. K. (2012). Redesigning tractors for reduced soil cultivation and increased productivity in the agricultural sector in Bali Indonesia. Ergonomics in Asia: Development, Opportunities, and Challenges, edited by Shih, YC., Liang, SF. M, 31-35. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780203119990/chapters/10.1201%2Fb11932-10

Widana, I. K., Sumetri, N. W., & Sutapa, I. K. (2018, January). Ergonomic Work Station Design to Improve Workload Quality and Productivity of the Craffsmen. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 953, No. 1, p. 012091). IOP Publishing. http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1742-6596/953/1/012091/pdf

How to Cite
Widana, I. K., Sumetri, N. W., & Sutapa, I. K. (2018). Effect of improvement on work attitudes and work environment on decreasing occupational pain. International Journal of Life Sciences, 2(3), 86-97. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijls.v2n3.209
Research Articles