The effect of chopped corm sizes and types of soaking material on growth seedling of kepok banana (Musa paradisiaca L. ABB Kepok)

  • I Nyoman Rai Agroecotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Made Sudana Agroecotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Gede Astawa Agroecotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Rindang Dwiyani Agroecotechnology Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Keywords: BA, chopped corm size, Kepok banana, NAA, seedling and soaking

Abstract

This research was conducted to study the effect of chopped corm sizes and types of soaking material on growth seedling of Kepok banana. The study was conducted at green house used a factorial randomized block design with 2 treatment factors. The first factor was chopped corm sizes (in length x width x height), consists of 3 levels i.e. small size 5 x 5 x 5 cm (B1), medium size 7 x 7 x 7 cm (B2), and large size 9 x 9 x 9 cm (B3). The second factor was types of soaking material, consists of 4 levels i.e. soaked in water only (R0), soaked with Dithane M-45 fungicide 2g/l (R1), soaked with Dithane M-45 fungicide 2 g/l + NAA hormone 100 ppm  (R2), soaked with Dithane M-45 fungicide 2 g/l + BA hormone 75 ppm (R3), and soaked with the Dithane M-45 fungicide 2 g/l + NAA hormone 100 ppm + BA 75 ppm (R4).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Avivi, S., Soedarmo, S. H., & Prasetyo, P. A. (2015). Multiplikasi tunas dan aklimatisasi tiga varietas pisang: Raja Nangka, Kepok, dan Mas. Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia, 4(2), 83-89.

Baihaqi, H. (2017). Pengaruh Teknik Penyemaian Dan Konsentrasi Benzil-Adenin (Ba) Pada Pertumbuhan Bibit Manggis (Garcinia mangostana L.) Asal Biji.

Baiyeri, K. P., & Aba, S. C. (2007). A review of protocols for macropropagation in Musa species. Fruit, Veg. Cereal Sci. Biotech, 1, 110-15.

Bhende, S.S. & S. Kurien. (2015). Sucker Production in Banana. Journal of Tropical Agriculture 53(2), 97–106.

Borges, M. H., Alves, D. L. F., Raslan, D. S., Piló-Veloso, D., Rodrigues, V. M., Homsi-Brandeburgo, M. I., & De Lima, M. E. (2005). Neutralizing properties of Musa paradisiaca L.(Musaceae) juice on phospholipase A2, myotoxic, hemorrhagic and lethal activities of crotalidae venoms. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 98(1-2), 21-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2004.12.014

Carmona-Garcia, R., Sanchez-Rivera, M. M., Méndez-Montealvo, G., Garza-Montoya, B., & Bello-Pérez, L. A. (2009). Effect of the cross-linked reagent type on some morphological, physicochemical and functional characteristics of banana starch (Musa paradisiaca). Carbohydrate Polymers, 76(1), 117-122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2008.09.029

Castillo-Israel, K. A. T., Baguio, S. F., Diasanta, M. D. B., Lizardo, R. C. M., Dizon, E. I., & Mejico, M. I. F. (2015). Extraction and characterization of pectin from Saba banana [Musa'saba'(Musa acuminata x Musa balbisiana)] peel wastes: A preliminary study. International Food Research Journal, 22(1).

Convention on Biological Diversity. 2017. Indonesia-Country Profile. https://www. cbd.int/

Deptan (Departemen Pertanian). 2020. Pisang. Outlook Komoditas Pertanian Sub Sektor Hortikultura. Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Kementerian Pertanian.

Dewi, N. (2016). Pengaruh Ukuran Belahan Bonggol terhadap Pertumbuhan Bibit Pisang Raja (Musa paradisiaca L.). Laporan Penelitian Dosen. Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Baturaja, Baturaja. P.37

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). 2018. Post-harvest Management of Banana for Quality and Safety Assurance. Guidance for horticultural supply chain stakeholders. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153 Rome, Italy. www.fao.org.

Firmansyah, I. (2011). Penentuan ukuran dan teknik penyimpanan Benih pisang kepok (Musa sp. Abb group) dari bonggol. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Hutasoit, R., Simon, G., & Andi, T. (2013). Pengaruh diameter stek batang terhadap pertumbuhan bibit pada empat spesies tanaman murbei (Morus sp).

Kasrina, K. (2013). Pisang Buah (Musa Spp): Keragaman Dan Etnobotaninya Pada Masyarakat Di Desa Sri Kuncoro Kecamatan Pondok Kelapa Kabupaten Bengkulu Tengah. Prosiding SEMIRATA 2013, 1(1).

Kishor, R. (2017). High-performance piezoelectric nanogenerators composed of formamidinium lead halide perovskite nanoparticles and poly (vinylidene fluoride). Nano Energy, 37, 126-135.

Liu, D. D., Chao, W. M., & Turgeon, R. (2012). Transport of sucrose, not hexose, in the phloem. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63(11), 4315-4320. https://doi.org/ 10.1093/jxb/ers127

Mahfudza, E., Mukarlina, R. Linda. (2018). Perbanyakan Tunas Pisang Cavendish (Musa acuminata L.) Secara In Vitro dengan Penambahan Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) dan Air Kelapa. Jurnal Protobiont 7(1), 75-79.

Muasya, R. M., Kasyoka, M. R., Mwangi, M., Kori, N., & Gitonga, N. (2010). Evaluating the macropropagation efficiency of banana varieties preferred by farmers in Eastern and Central Kenya.

Mukarlina, F., R. Linda. (2018). Respon Pertumbuhan Tunas Mahkota Nanas (Ananas Comosus L. Merr.) dengan Penambahan Benzyl Amino Purine (BAP) dan naphthaline acetic acid (NAA). Jurnal Protobiont 7(1), 69-74

Nunez-Santiago, M. C., Bello-Perez, L. A., & Tecante, A. (2004). Swelling-solubility characteristics, granule size distribution and rheological behavior of banana (Musa paradisiaca) starch. Carbohydrate polymers, 56(1), 65-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2003.12.003

Nyawira, S. S., Nabel, J. E., Brovkin, V., & Pongratz, J. (2017). Input-driven versus turnover-driven controls of simulated changes in soil carbon due to land-use change. Environmental Research Letters, 12(8), 084015.

Parmar, H. S., & Kar, A. (2007). Protective role of Citrus sinensis, Musa paradisiaca, and Punica granatum peels against diet-induced atherosclerosis and thyroid dysfunctions in rats. Nutrition Research, 27(11), 710-718. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2007.09.003

Pelissari, F. M., Andrade-Mahecha, M. M., do Amaral Sobral, P. J., & Menegalli, F. C. (2013). Comparative study on the properties of flour and starch films of plantain bananas (Musa paradisiaca). Food Hydrocolloids, 30(2), 681-690. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2012.08.007

Prabawati, S., Suyanti, S., & Setyabudi, D. A. (2008). Teknologi Pascapanen dan Pengolahan Buah Pisang. In Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pascapanen Pertanian. Seminar Badan Litbang Pertanian. Departemen Pertanian. Bogor.

Prabhuling, G., & Sathyanarayana, B. N. (2017). Optimization of explants density for tissue culture propagation of banana cv.‘Grande Naine’. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 13(1), 71-76.

Pratama, N.B. (2012). Pengaruh Zat Pengatur Tumbuh NAA dan IBA Terhadap Pembentukan Akar dan Tunas Stek Jeruk Pamelo (Citrus grandis L. Osbeck.). Skripsi. Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. p.51.

Putri, D.M.S. (2017). Pengaruh Konsentrasi Rootone-f dan Panjang Setek pada Pertumbuhan Rhododendron mucronatum G. Don. var. phoeniceum. Jurnal Biologi Udayana 21(1), 35-39

Rai, I. N., Dwivany, F. M., Sutanto, A., Meitha, K., Sukewijaya, I. M., & Ustriyana, I. N. G. (2018). Biodiversity of Bali Banana (Musaceae) and its Usefulness. HAYATI Journal of Biosciences, 25(2), 47.

Rapilah, R., Rahayu, A., & Rochman, N. (2016). Pertumbuhan Setek Sansevieria cylindrica ‘Skyline’pada Berbagai Ukuran Bahan Tanaman dan Komposisi Media Tanam. JURNAL AGRONIDA, 2(1).

Reginio Jr, F. C., Ketnawa, S., Shiina, T., & Ogawa, Y. (2018). Effect of maturity on in vitro starch digestibility of Saba banana [Musa ‘saba’(Musa acuminata x Musa balbisiana)]. Journal of Food Science and Agricultural Technology (JFAT), 4, 23-28.

Safrizal, S. (2013). Studi Perbanyakan Vegetatif Pisang Raja Waak (Musa SP.) Dengan Induksi Bonggol: Pengaruh Bobot Stek Bonggol. Jurnal Edukasi dan Sains Biologi, 2(1), 77232.

Saputra, R. U. (2016). Pengaruh Jenis Bonggol Dan Konsentrasi Ba (Benziladenin) Terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif Tanaman Pisang (Musa paradisiaca Linn) Kepok Kuning.

Sukowardana, A., Kushendarto, K., & Rugayah, R. (2015). Pengaruh Jenis Bonggol dan Konsentrasi Ba terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif P pada Tanaman Pisang Kepok Manado. Jurnal Penelitian Pertanian Terapan, 15(3).

Sumardiyono, C. (2008). Ketahanan jamur terhadap fungisida di Indonesia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia, 14(1), 1-5.

Supriana, I. K. A., Wijana, G. E. D. E., & Raka, I. G. N. (2015). Pengaruh sumber bonggol dan media tanam pada pembibitan tanaman pisang kayu (Musa paradisiacaL. cv. Kayu). Agroekoteknologi Tropika, 4(2), 124-134.

Tumuhimbise, R., & Talengera, D. (2018). Improved Propagation Techniques to Enhance the Productivity of Banana (Musa spp.). Open Agriculture, 3(1), 138-145. https://doi.org/10.1515/opag-2018-0014.

Valentine, V., Sutedja, A. M., & Marsono, Y. (2015). pengaruh konsentrasi na-cmc (natrium-carboxymethyl cellulose) terhadap karakteristik cookies tepung pisang kepok putih (Musa paradisiaca L.) PREGELATINISASI. Jurnal Agroteknologi, 9(02), 93-101.

Windarti, W. (2009). Keanekaragaman genetika pisang bergenom B berdasarkan penanda mikrosatelit. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 1(1).

Zein, A. (2016). Zat Pengatur Tumbuh Tanaman (Fitohormon). Padang. Penerbit Kencana. p.166.

Published
2020-07-20
How to Cite
Rai, I. N., Sudana, I. M., Astawa, I. N. G., & Dwiyani, R. (2020). The effect of chopped corm sizes and types of soaking material on growth seedling of kepok banana (Musa paradisiaca L. ABB Kepok). International Journal of Life Sciences, 4(2), 32-41. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijls.v4n2.432
Section
Research Articles