Brain gym application and brain vitalization exercises in Balinese dance movement improves cognitive functions, quality of live and decreasing BDNF level in elderly


  • Dedi Silakarma Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Nyoman Adiputra Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Anak Agung Raka Sudewi Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Gde Raka Widiana Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia


Balinese dance movement, BDNF, brain health, cognitive function, elderly, health examination, life quality, psychological health


Decreased cognitive function often occurs in the elderly. Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) is one of the neurotrophin that plays in maintenance of the function of neuron and synaptic plasticity. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of the movements of the Balinese dance on cognitive function, quality of life and BDNF levels in elderly. This study used an experimental research design with Pretest Posttest One Group Design. The study sample was elderly, female, aged> 60 years with cognitive impairment in the Denpasar area. Subjects were given treatment of the Balinese Dance movement 3 times a week, each session 11 minutes for 8 weeks. Before and after the treatment, subjects were taken for blood to measure BDNF levels, assessed cognitive scores with MoCa Ina, quality of life with WHOQOL BREF in elderly. Statistical tests get increasing in cognitive scores and quality of life scores in psychological well-being domains, social relations domains, environmental domains and decreasing in BDNF levels. This study shows that the application of Brain Gym and Brain Vitalization Exercises in the Balinese Dance movements have an positive impact on the handling of cognitive disorders in non-pharmacological treatment.


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How to Cite

Silakarma, D., Adiputra, N., Sudewi, A. A. R., & Widiana, I. G. R. (2021). Brain gym application and brain vitalization exercises in Balinese dance movement improves cognitive functions, quality of live and decreasing BDNF level in elderly. International Journal of Health Sciences, 5(2), 135-150.



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