High C-reactive protein/albumin ratio increased risk of acute malnutrition during hospitalization in pediatric patients
Keywords:albumin, CRP, inflammation, malnutrition, pediatric
Pediatric patients with malnutrition commonly have poor prognosis related to the inflammation and catabolism state. This study investigated the relationship between high C-Reactive Protein/Albumin ratio on admission with the risk of acute malnutrition during hospitalization in pediatric patients. A cohort study in patients aged 1 month to 18 years old who met the study criteria was done. On admission, the level of serum C-Reactive Protein and Albumin were measured and calculated the C-Reactive protein/Albumin ratio which was divided into the high and low ratio. Acute malnutrition was determined according to the weight-for-height or body mass index-for-age z-score less than 2 SD below the WHO Child Growth Standard median. A total of 110 patients were analyzed, 50% male and the mean aged was 77.7 months. Patients with acute malnutrition on admission and discharge were 24.5% and 32.7%, respectively. Acute malnutrition on discharge in patients with high and low ratio were 51.6% and 25.3%, respectively (adjusted Relative Risk, 9.1; 95% CI: 1. 9 to 42.7; p = 0.005). High C-Reactive Protein/Albumin ratio on admission increased the risk of acute malnutrition during hospitalization in pediatric patients.
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