Challenges and technical requirements for integration of renewable energy sources in Cuban electric system
Keywords:Distributed generation, Microgrids, Renewable energy sources, Sustainable development, Weather conditions
The decision of the Cuban Government to massively introduce Renewable Energy Sources (RES) as a way to change the energy matrix, and in particular, the electricity matrix, is presented as an opportunity to introduce not only sources of energy friendly with the environment, but also make the contributions that, without limiting the development of the country, respond to the UN Millennium Development Goals (UNMDG). However, the large-scale use of RESs in an electrical system such as Cuba, isolated and not interconnected to other systems, can have a group of challenges that must be taken into consideration when it is exploited, since it does not incorporate only new technologies, some of which depend on weather conditions such as solar, wind and hydro technology for the production of electricity, but allow us to think about the introduction of emerging technologies that can increase the penetration of RES in the electrical system and introduce new management concepts, both territorially and nationally. The present work reflects on this, from some experiences that have been analyzed in different research works carried out at CIPEL, plus other international experiences.
Cedeño, M. L. D., Arteaga, M. G. D., Pérez, A. V., & Arteaga, M. L. D. (2017). Regulatory Framework for Renewable Energy Sources in Ecuador Case Study Province of Manabí. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (IJSSH), 1(2), 29-42.
de Juana Sardón, J. M. (2003). Energías renovables para el desarrollo. Editorial Paraninfo.
Galván E. et.al. (2017). GPTech CUBA Grid-Interactive Plants. Presentación realizada durante visita al CIPEL, febrero.
Gámez, M. R., Pérez, A. V., Será, A. S., & Ronquillo, Z. M. (2017). Renewable Energy Sources and Local Development. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (IJSSH), 1(2), 10-19.
Govea R.C.J, González M. C. A. (2016), Cálculo del límite de potencia eólica en los puntos de conexión de los parques eólicos Herradura 1 y Herradura 2, trabajo de diploma en opción al título de Ingeniero Electricista, Facultad de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Cujae, La Habana, Cuba,
IEEE Standards Association. (2003). 1547-2003-IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems. IEEEStd.: Piscataway Township, NJ, USA.
Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible ODS), Agenda 2030 de la ONU, accessible en: https://www.undp.org/content/undp/es/home/ sustainable-development-goals.html.
Papathanassiou, S. A., & Boulaxis, N. G. (2006). Power limitations and energy yield evaluation for wind farms operating in island systems. Renewable energy, 31(4), 457-479. accesible en: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148105000923
Ramos, J. L. M., Pérez, A. V., Gámez, M. R., & Zambrano, R. V. H. (2018). Renewable energy sources on the change of energy matrix in Manabí province. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT and Scientific Research, 4(4), 17-29.
Santos F.A. (2017), Metodología para el cálculo del límite de potencia eólica (LPE) en sistemas eléctricos débiles y distribuidos, tesis en opción al grado científico de Doctor en Ciencias Técnicas, Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, La Habana, Cuba.
Santos, F. A., Frota, J. T., Arruda, B. R., de Melo, T. S., de Castro Brito, G. A., Chaves, M. H., & Rao, V. S. (2012). Antihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of ?, ?-amyrin, a triterpenoid mixture from Protium heptaphyllum in mice. Lipids in health and disease, 11(1), 98.
Shayani, R. A., & de Oliveira, M. A. G. (2011). Photovoltaic generation penetration limits in radial distribution systems. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 26(3), 1625-1631.
Shien, H., Weizhou, W., Huaisen, J., Gang, C., Fujun, W., & Jun, L. (2009, April). Integration of wind farm into Gansu power grid and its operation. In Sustainable Power Generation and Supply, 2009. SUPERGEN'09. International Conference on (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
How to Cite
Articles published in the International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering (IJPSE) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IJPSE right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IJPSE can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IJPSE volumes 4 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.