Potential risk of cancer in body organs as result of torak CT-scan exposure


  • Ida Bagus Made Suryatika Physics Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ni Kadek Nova Anggarani Physics Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • S. Poniman Physics Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Gusti Ngurah Sutapa Physics Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia




body organs, breast, cancer risk, CT-scan, lung


A concise and factual abstract Computed Tomography (CT)-Scan is a radiological diagnostic tool using a computer to reconstruct data from the absorption of a particular tissue or organ that has been penetrated by X-rays to form an image (imaging). The use of scanning equipment (scan) that emits radiation has the potential to cause quite serious impacts. According to researchers from Canada, Britain, and the United States published in The Lancet Medical Journal (2012), it is stated that children who are exposed to CT-Scans can be up to three times more likely to develop blood, brain, or bone cancer later in life. It further states a potential cancer risk exists due to the ionizing radiation used in CT-Scans, especially in children who are more sensitive to radiation than adults. A chest CT-Scan is one of the most frequently performed parts of the examination because this section contains many vital organs. The analysis showed that the effective dose of the liver was 0.241 mGy, breast, and lung was 0.724 mGy. The risk of cancer in each of the liver, breast, and lung organs reaches 0.038%, 1.160%, and 1,200%.


Download data is not yet available.


AAPM. (2011). Size-Specific Dose Estimates (SSE) in Pediatric and Adult Body CT examination, AAPM Report 204, USA.

Adler, A., Carlton, R., & Wold, B. (1992). A comparison of student radiographic reject rates. Radiologic Technology, 64(1), 26-32.

Belfiore, A., La Rosa, G. L., La Porta, G. A., Giuffrida, D., Milazzo, G., Lupo, L., ... & Vigneri, R. (1992). Cancer risk in patients with cold thyroid nodules: relevance of iodine intake, sex, age, and multinodularity. The American journal of medicine, 93(4), 363-369.

Chuninghum, J. (1983). The Physics of Radiology.

Ekbom, A., Adami, H. O., Trichopoulos, D., Hsieh, C. C., & Lan, S. J. (1992). Evidence of prenatal influences on breast cancer risk. The Lancet, 340(8826), 1015-1018. https://doi.org/10.1016/0140-6736(92)93019-J

Gohagan, J., Marcus, P., Fagerstrom, R., Pinsky, P., Kramer, B., Prorok, P., & Lung Screening Study Research Group. (2004). Baseline findings of a randomized feasibility trial of lung cancer screening with spiral CT scan vs chest radiograph: the Lung Screening Study of the National Cancer Institute. Chest, 126(1), 114-121. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.126.1.114

Ibrahim, A., Abdullah B., & Halide H. (2018). Estimation of Effective Dosage for Abdomen Patients from CT-Scan Results of the Siemens SOMATOM Brand, Physics Study Program, FMIPA UNHAS, Jl Perintis Kemerdekaan KM 10, Makassar, South Sulawesi.

ICRP. (2011). Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection Publication 103, Annals of the ICRP, Elsevier Publications, Oxford, UK.

Martina, D. (2016). Collimator Test on X-ray Aircraft Brand / Type Mednif / sf-100by at the Medical Physics Laboratory Using the Rmi Unit (Doctoral dissertation, Semarang State University).

Munir, M., Wong, K., & Xagoraraki, I. (2011). Release of antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes in the effluent and biosolids of five wastewater utilities in Michigan. Water research, 45(2), 681-693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2010.08.033

Parl, F. F. (2005). Glutathione S-transferase genotypes and cancer risk. Cancer letters, 221(2), 123-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2004.06.016

Shepard, S. J., Pei-Jan, P. L. (2002). Quality Control In Diagnostic Radiologymembers. AAPM Report No. 74, Published For The American Association Of Physicists In Medicine By Medical Physics Publishing.

Sikumbang A.S. (2018). Analysis of Radiation Doses on Mobile X-rays of Emergency Patients in the ICU Room, University of North Sumatra, Medan.

Silvia H., Milvita D., Prasetio H., & Yuliati H. (2013). Estimated value of CTDI and the effective dose of patients in the head section of the CT-Scan examination with the Philips briliance 6 brand, Department of Physics FMIPA Andalas University Unand Campus, Limau Manis, Padang 25163.

Sofiana L., Johan A.E.N., & Normahayu I. (2012). Estimation of Effective Dose on Multi-Slice Ct-Scan Examination of Head and Abdomen Based on ICRP 103 Recommendations, Department of Physics FMIPA Universitas Brawijaya.

Strauss, L. J., & Rae, W. I. (2012). Image quality dependence on image processing software in computed radiography. SA Journal of Radiology, 16(2).

Susilo, Sunarno, Setiowati, Lestari. (2012). Application of Digital Radiography Tools in Photorontgen Service Development, Journal of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, State University of Semarang, 35(2), 145-150.

Sutapa, G. N., Yuliara, I. M., & Ratini, N. N. (2018). Verification of dosage and radiation delivery time breast cancer (Mammae Ca) with ISIS TPS. International journal of health sciences, 2(2), 78-88.

Tsalafoutas, I. A., & Metallidis, S. I. (2011). A method for calculating the dose length product from CT DICOM images. The British Journal of Radiology, 84(999), 236-243.

Wolthaus, J. W., Schneider, C., Sonke, J. J., van Herk, M., Belderbos, J. S., Rossi, M. M., ... & Damen, E. M. (2006). Mid-ventilation CT scan construction from four-dimensional respiration-correlated CT scans for radiotherapy planning of lung cancer patients. International Journal of Radiation Oncology* Biology* Physics, 65(5), 1560-1571. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2006.04.031




How to Cite

Suryatika, I. B. M., Anggarani, N. K. N., Poniman, S., & Sutapa, G. N. (2020). Potential risk of cancer in body organs as result of torak CT-scan exposure. International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering, 4(3), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijpse.v4n3.465



Research Articles