Prevelance of neck pain in health care professionals
A literature review
Keywords:musculoskeletal pain, neck pain, ergonomic, healthcare professionals, physiotherapist, nurses, doctors, health care workers
Introduction: Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) refers to complications related to bone, muscle, tendon, and nerve. According to WHO MSDs refers to complication related to bone, muscle, tendon, cartilage, and the nerve gets affected. Healthcare professionals are more prone to have MSDs. This study is done to find the neck pain, ergonomic, and MSDs in healthcare professionals. Methodology: An online search was done on the basics of neck pain, musculoskeletal disorder, and ergonomic factors. Articles included in this study belonged to health care professionals only. Result: This study reported that dentists, nurses, physiotherapy, surgeon, was at the highest risk of having neck ergonomic complaints. The factors that was responsible for having awkward movement, non-ergonomic environment, repeated body stress, patient handling. Conclusion: Healthcare workers are exposed to have MSDs. WRMSDs silently develop, due to ergonomic, physical, psychosocial factors. Physiotherapists, nurses, dentists, surgeons were affected by MSDs. Positioning, change in work style, decrease work pressure, educating ergonomics and intermittent exercise, stretching, stabilizing, ergonomic principal, knowledge improvement, awareness, training, modified work environment, postural training, regular exercise, alter work tools, change in work technique and change in unhealthy habit are some evident to prevent from health hazards.
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