Arrangement of growing space in rows and application of liquid organic fertilizer to intercropping yields of onions and soybeans
Keywords:intercropping of shallots and soybeans, liquid organic, onions, rabbit urine POC, spacing
The research was to obtain optimal rabbit urine POC concentrations and space to grow in rows to provide high yields for intercropping shallots and soybeans. The results showed that the interaction of rabbit urine POC concentration with the growing room and the treatment room had no significant effect (P?0.05) on all observed variables. The highest yields of shallot bulbs per clump and per hectare were obtained at the concentration of POC rabbit urine 150 ml.l-1, namely 66.87 g and 6.69 tons, increasing 35.28% and 35.42% compared to the lowest yields at POC concentrations. 25 ml.l-1 i.e. 49.43 g and 4.94 tons. The highest yield of soybean per plant and hectare was obtained at the concentration of POC rabbit urine 150 ml.l-1, namely 32.38 g and 4.32 tons, an increase of 56.47% and 57.09% compared to the lowest yield at the concentration of POC. 25 ml.l-1 i.e. 2.75 tons and 20.63 g.
Amiri, Z., Asgharipour, M. R., Campbell, D. E., Azizi, K., Kakolvand, E., & Moghadam, E. H. (2021). Conservation agriculture, a selective model based on emergy analysis for sustainable production of shallot as a medicinal-industrial plant. Journal of Cleaner Production, 292, 126000. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.126000
Bayoumi, Y., Taha, N., Shalaby, T., Alshaal, T., & El-Ramady, H. (2019). Sulfur promotes biocontrol of purple blotch disease via Trichoderma spp. and enhances the growth, yield and quality of onion. Applied Soil Ecology, 134, 15-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2018.10.011
Enciso, J., Jifon, J., & Wiedenfeld, B. (2007). Subsurface drip irrigation of onions: Effects of drip tape emitter spacing on yield and quality. Agricultural water management, 92(3), 126-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2007.05.017
Gustia, H. (2017). Carrot Plant Response to Rabbit Urine. Journal of Agroscience and Technology , 1 (1), 46-56.
Huang, J., Pan, J., Zhou, L., Zheng, D., Yuan, S., Chen, J., ... & Lin, W. (2020). An improved double-row rubber (Hevea brasiliensis) plantation system increases land use efficiency by allowing intercropping with yam bean, common bean, soybean, peanut, and coffee: A 17-year case study on Hainan Island, China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263, 121493. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.121493
Knezevic, S. Z., Stepanovic, S., Datta, A., Nedeljkovic, D., & Tursun, N. (2013). Soybean yield and yield components as influenced by the single and repeated flaming. Crop protection, 50, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2013.03.014
Li, L., Sun, J., Zhang, F., Li, X., Yang, S., & Rengel, Z. (2001). Wheat/maize or wheat/soybean strip intercropping: I. Yield advantage and interspecific interactions on nutrients. Field crops research, 71(2), 123-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(01)00156-3
Moghbeli, T., Bolandnazar, S., Panahande, J., & Raei, Y. (2019). Evaluation of yield and its components on onion and fenugreek intercropping ratios in different planting densities. Journal of Cleaner Production, 213, 634-641. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.138
Mutryarny, E., Endriani, E., & Lestari, SU (2014). Utilization of rabbit urine to increase growth and production of mustard (Brassica juncea l) varieties of tosakan. Liquid organic rabbit fertilizer application on growth and production of mustard variety tosakan production of mustard variety tosa. Scientific Journal of Agriculture , 11 (2), 23-34.
Purwaningsih, S. (2009). Population of rhizobium bacteria in soil on several plants from Buton Island, Muna Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province. Journal of Tropical Soils .
Rosdiana, R. (2015). Growth Of Pakcoy Plants After Fertilizing Rabbit Urine. Journal of Mathematical Science and Technology , 16 (1), 01-09.
Sari, M., & Sjah, T. (2016). Implementation of Special Program of Pajale (Rice, Corn and Soybean) in Terara District, East Lombok Regency. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 3(9), 49-60.
Souza, M., Júnior, V. M., Kurtz, C., dos Santos Ventura, B., Lourenzi, C. R., Lazzari, C. J. R., ... & Comin, J. J. (2021). Soil chemical properties and yield of onion crops grown for eight years under no-tillage system with cover crops. Soil and Tillage Research, 208, 104897. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2020.104897
Warman, GR, & Kristiana, R. (2018, October). Studying the Crop Overlapping System of Seasonal Crops. In Proceeding Biology Education Conference: Biology, Science, Enviromental, and Learning (Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 791-794).
Wibowo, S. (1991). bud. Onions & Bombays . Self Commerce.
Yuliartini, M. S., & Kartini, L. (2021, April). Models Application of Fertilization on Onion and Okra Cropping Pattern as A Barier Plant. In WARDS 2020: Proceedings of the 3rd Warmadewa Research and Development Seminar, WARDS 2020, 21 December 2020, Denpasar-Bali, Indonesia (p. 76). European Alliance for Innovation.
Zhang, R., Mu, Y., Li, X., Li, S., Sang, P., Wang, X., ... & Xu, N. (2020). Response of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi diversity and community in maize and soybean rhizosphere soil and roots to intercropping systems with different nitrogen application rates. Science of The Total Environment, 740, 139810. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139810
Zhou, X., Yu, G., & Wu, F. (2011). Effects of intercropping cucumber with onion or garlic on soil enzyme activities, microbial communities and cucumber yield. European Journal of Soil Biology, 47(5), 279-287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejsobi.2011.07.001
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 International journal of life sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the International Journal of Life Sciences (IJLS) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IJLS right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IJLS can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IJLS volumes 4 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.