Challenges and technical requirements for integration of renewable energy sources in Cuban electric system

  • Miguel Castro Fernandez Ph.D. Centro de Investigaciones y Pruebas Electroenergéticas (CIPEL), Facultad de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, La Habana, Cuba
  • Miriam Vilaragut Lanes Ph.D. Centro de Investigaciones y Pruebas Electroenergéticas (CIPEL), Facultad de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, La Habana, Cuba
  • Miriam Lourdes Filgueiras Sains de Rozas Ph.D. Centro de Investigaciones y Pruebas Electroenergéticas (CIPEL), Facultad de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, La Habana, Cuba)
  • Ariel Santos Fuentefria Ph.D. Centro de Investigaciones y Pruebas Electroenergéticas (CIPEL), Facultad de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad Tecnológica de La Habana José Antonio Echeverría, Cujae, La Habana, Cuba
  • Maria Rodriguez Gamez Ph.D. Univesidad Tecnica de Manabi, Portviejo, Ecuador
Keywords: Distributed generation, Microgrids, Renewable energy sources, Sustainable development, Weather conditions

Abstract

The decision of the Cuban Government to massively introduce Renewable Energy Sources (RES) as a way to change the energy matrix, and in particular, the electricity matrix, is presented as an opportunity to introduce not only sources of energy friendly with the environment, but also make the contributions that, without limiting the development of the country, respond to the UN Millennium Development Goals (UNMDG). However, the large-scale use of RESs in an electrical system such as Cuba, isolated and not interconnected to other systems, can have a group of challenges that must be taken into consideration when it is exploited, since it does not incorporate only new technologies, some of which depend on weather conditions such as solar, wind and hydro technology for the production of electricity, but allow us to think about the introduction of emerging technologies that can increase the penetration of RES in the electrical system and introduce new management concepts, both territorially and nationally. The present work reflects on this, from some experiences that have been analyzed in different research works carried out at CIPEL, plus other international experiences.

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Published
2018-09-11
How to Cite
Fernandez, M. C., Lanes, M. V., Rozas, M. L. F. S. de, Fuentefria, A. S., & Gamez, M. R. (2018). Challenges and technical requirements for integration of renewable energy sources in Cuban electric system. International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering, 2(3), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijpse.v2n3.190
Section
Articles

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