Causative constructions in the language of nias

  • Wa’özisökhi Nazara STBA Prayoga, Padang, Indonesia
  • I Nengah Sudipa Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ketut Artawa Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Made Sri Satyawati Udayana University, Denpasar, Indonesia
Keywords: construction, morpholexical, operation, prefix, suffix

Abstract

This is a brief analysis of causative constructions in Nias, an Austronesian language spoken by around 813,155 people on the island of Nias of the west coast of Sumatera in Indonesia. It specifically deals with the strategies employed in constructing causatives in the verb-initial language. Data were obtained from Nias-speaking informants living in Laowöwaga, one of the villages in the district of East Lahewa in the reference of North Nias. The results of the analysis show that causatives in the language of Nias are constructed through morpholexical operation involving affixes and words/pre-categrorials. More specifically, some causatives are formed by attaching prefix {fe-} or its allomorph {f-} to an intransitive verb. Some are formed by morpholexical operation involving suffix {-ö} and an adjective or suffix {-gö} and a pre-categorial.  Both morpholexical operations involving prefix and those involving suffix and the base introduce direct causers. Some causatives are formed by attaching confix {fa-...-ö} to a transitive verb as the base. This morpholexical operation changes the argument function introduced from direct causer to indirect causer.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Bungin, B. (2017). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Aktualisasi Metodologis ke Arah Ragam Varian Kontemporer. Depok: Rajawali Pers.

Comrie, B. (1989). Language universals and linguistic typology: Syntax and morphology. University of Chicago press.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Cruz-Ferreira, M., & Abraham, S. A. (2011). The language of language: A linguistics course for starters. CreateSpace.

Hemmings, C. (2013). Causatives and applicatives: The case for polysemy in Javanese. Working Papers in Linguistics, 16, 167-194.

Kroeger, P. (2004). Analyzing syntax: A lexical-functional approach. Cambridge University Press.

Mahsun. (2017). Metode Penelitian Bahasa: Tahapan Strategi, Metode, dan Tekniknya (3rd ed.). Depok: Rajawali Pers.

Mal?, M. (2012). English Causative Constructions with the Verbs have, get, and make, and their Czech translation Counterparts. https://dspace.cuni.cz/bit-stream/handle/-20.500.11956/-42425/BPTX_2010_1_0274853_0_93126.pdf?sequence-1 (Downloaded on 7 November 2018).

Samarin, W. J. (1988). Creating language and community in pidginization. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique, 33(2), 155-165. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0008413100012822

Song, J. J. (1990). On the rise of causative affixes: A universal-typological perspective. Lingua, 82(2-3), 151-200.

Sudaryanto, D. P. (2015). Metode dan aneka teknik analisis Bahasa [Method and technique of language study].

Trask, R. L. (2013). A dictionary of grammatical terms in linguistics. Routledge.

Udayana, I. N. (2016). Effective sentences in Indonesian. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 2(2), 188-200.

Published
2019-08-18
How to Cite
Nazara, W., Sudipa, I. N., Artawa, K., & Satyawati, M. S. (2019). Causative constructions in the language of nias. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(2), 208-216. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v3n2.316
Section
Articles